Hutsonville Herald

Transcribed by Barbara Dix.

Crawford County, Illinois
Hutsonville Herald articles

Many of articles are from clippings and so the exact dates are unknown. However, it is believed that some readers will will find them interesting and may want to search for the original.

On Tuesday morning we boarded the train at Robinson for the purpose of going to Quaker Lane vicinity to rally our forces and march to the home of Henry and Eliza Voorheis to remind them that 50 years ago at five in the evening they stood in the good old home of Uncle Thomas and Aunt Deborah Cox and vowed they would travel life's journey together as man and wife. On arriving at their home we knocked for admittance and was very kindly welcomed by the aged couple, who greeted us with a God Bless You and I am so glad to see you. A sumptuous dinner was prepared for the occasion after which, it was arranged by Elders J. L.. Cox and W. P. Musgrave that we have a prayer and praise service, which was carried out, all of the forty or fifty assembled feeling thankful to God for the blessings we were then enjoying. As we viewed the surroundings of that home, our minds were carried back to the 40's when it was mostly uncultivated and most of the inhabitants were frogs. They were very cheerful in the sping and sang for us every night until June In the days of the pioneer Grandfather Voorheis, he made an old time cider press and it was headquarters for many miles around--cider pouring from the press day and night. When we view that beautiful and lovely farm and the homes reared on it for the children, we can truly say that the journey of the aged couple so far has been successful and our hope is the remainder may be as successful. Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter; Fear God and keep His commandments for this is the whole duty of Man.   W.D. Hand

Uncle Woodford Hand was up from Robinson Tuesday to attend the golden wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Voorheis. Mr. Hand is now in his 71st year and was a school-mate of this couple. He has been quite feeble during the winter past.

Old home on Quaker Lane Jan 1, 1903

Last Saturday I received a letter from my grandaughter, Alma Hand inviting me to be a guest at her wedding today. On arriving here this morning my memory goes back to the past. My father and mother ate their wedding dinner in this house on Dec. 2, 1830 -- 72 years ago. Besides being a dwelling it has since been a court room. Judge Sterret, Judge Allen, Messre. Callahan, G. A. Parker. A.H. Jones and many other have stood inside its walls and made earnest appeals in behalf of their clients in J.P. courts Many couples have been united in marriage here. Many time has young Am----_____assembled at apple cuttings, and old time quilting ----- and many prayers have been offered here by able ministers. IN the 1840's and 50's the sheriffs were tax gatherers and this home was one place where they collected many hundred of dollars. My parents both died in their home, mother in 1860, father in 1876. At 4:00 p.m. Harlan Evans and Alma Hand were united in marriage by Rev. Thomas J. Wheeler and ate their wedding dinner in the same house where the great grandparents ate their dinner 72 years ago. Soon they expect to be at their home in Melrose township, Clark County Time sweeps the earth every generation" we are the same that our father's have been."

Very truly yours,
W. D. Hand

After reading the President's Thanksgiving proclamation I began planning for the occasion and made up my mind to spend the day with the old army comrades and on last Wednesday morning my daughter and I boarded the train for Danville. On arriving there we found a comrade living but a short distance from the Soldiers' Home and were kindly greeted into his home. On Thanksgiving morning we repaired to the home of the comrades and found them comforably situated. After spending about 3 hours viewing the home and its surroundings we went to the chapel, where fine music was rendered. Then the chaplain requested the congregation to stand and repeat the Lord's prayer in concert. Rev. Gibbs, a very talented minister from the city, delivered an able discourse giving sketches of the wonderful advance and growth of our nation since the war. At the close of this service we filed out into the dining hall and meeting comrade Tom Howe, an old 21st Crawford boy. He gave me an invitation to dine with him and appealed to the adjutant and got a permit. On being seated I had a grateful feeling that I was at Uncle Sam's table where 1100 could be seated. Two thousand pounds of turkey, eight barrels of cranbberries, thirty bushels of potatoes and other edibles were spread and while in the act of devouring a sweet potato the band played marching through Georgia. My mind was carried back 41 years to a Thanksgiving when General Sherman had a squad of us, 6000 strong, gathering sweet potatoes in Georgia. After leaving the dining hall we departed for the comrades' home, going by way of the cemetery where many hundred of the comrades have answered the last roll call and are quietly sleepiing. This was a reminder to us who are living that soon the last survivor of 61-65 will have answered the last roll call.    W. D. Hand


When gold was discovered in CA in 1849, a wave if excitement spread over the country not unlike that which resulted when the riches of the Klondike were made known ten years ago. From almost every hamlet in the east men went in search of riches and this section was not without its representation. From Winfield McCrory, who probably knows as much or more of the early history of Hutsonville and vicinity than any other resident, we learned the following facts regarding the exodus from this place to the gold field:

Of the company who went from this section only two are now living, being Cyrus Newlin, living west of Hutsonville and Enoch Newlin who resides in Kansas. The names of others who left are Henry Holaday, Henry Drake, Eldredge Kinney, Lafayette Rains. Dr. Leander Gill, Wm. F. Hill, Jonathan Newlin, Wm. Sutherland, James Stark, John Hendern, John Delapp, Nelson Newlin, Fred Newlin, Kelly Newlin, John Harness, Jake Harness, Richard Wills, Hol Newlin, Calvin Newlin, George Miller, Daniel Miller, George Winters, Cull Wilson, Leo Frost, Wm. Lance, Jesse Hackett, Solomom Hackett, Joseph Howe, Edward Pierson, Alfred Moore, Lafe Matthews Arch Hill, Wm. Mccoy, John McCoy, John Liles, Will Allen, Joseph Allen, Isaac N. Lowe, Andy Simons and two sons, Andrew and Julius Simons.

It was in the spring of 1850 that these men left, they did not all go in one body, but one delegation was in charge of Wm. McCoy, who acted as captain. The men congregated in Hutsonville the day before leaving and a big spread was given at the hotel that evening and this was followed by a ball. The next morning they started in wagons, some pulled by horses and others with oxen. the trip requited several months and the horses died before the plains were crossed. Often the company would give provisions to the Indians for guiding them to water. They all reached CA. And most of the men were successful in obtaining large amounts of gold and when satisfied with their adventure would return home, the main body returning in 1853. Some men went by water, going down the Wabash and by way of new Orleans. On the day when the boat left Hutsonville, Wm Sutherland was at Merom and there got into an altercation with a man and in the fight struck him with a club and killed him. Sutherland boarded the boat at Merom and when it arrived at Vincennes officers searched the vessel but could not find him. He had hidden there, however and made his way to CA, where later in anther row he fatally injured a man and had to return east. When he arrived here he was arrested and tried for the first offense, but came clear. An incident of how grudges were settled in those day, is given in this connection. Jack Plough who was a relative of the man killed at Merom, saw Sutherland on the street a few years later and fired two or three times at him with a shotgun, Sutherland must have been immune, for he was not hurt and lived here several years, dying at York.

Andrew and Julius Simons secured gold dust amounting to several thousand dollars and returned to New Orleans to have it coined. They had the dust in a trunk and went to a hotel, being assigned a room next to the dining room. While one brother would eat the other would guard the trunk until he had finished in order that they might not be robbed. One day the hotel proprietor persuaded them both to come into the dining room at the same time, saying there was but one entrance to their room and they could keep an eye on the door. The brothers did so, and their trunk was removed through a hole in the wall and they came home penniless. They went to CA. again, secured another fortune, returned to Hutsonville and bought the place owned by Mrs. R. B. Higgins. They also bought a drug store which was located on the ground now occupied by A. B. Woolverton's store. Neither of the men had any experience in the business, but Andrew “became” a druggist and Julius a doctor. About that time small pox was prevalent and Julius secured a scab from a man who had the disease and with this he vaccinated every one who would give their consent. The result was that ll who had been "scratched” had the disease in its worst form instead of a mild attack and the doctors were kept buy for some time. they bought what is now know as the Callahan farm south of town and near it was located a race track. The father of the boys was so opposed to races that when one was to be run he would draw the blinds in the house and not permit his family to leave the building until the crowd was gone. But the boys soon took an interest, bet heavily on the races and soon their second fortune was gone. Julius went west again for more gold and has not since been hear from. On the 4th of July, 1853, when most of the men had returned from CA, Mr. McCrory, who then lived on the farm now owned by Greenlee Steele, was prevailed upon to give a ball in honor of their return. Uncle Field says this was one of the biggest events of the kind ever know in this section. He was given $2.50 a couple to entertain the guests and cleared over $100 for his trouble. The ball opened at 8 o'clock, supper was served and the dancing continued until 8 o'clock the next morning, many remaining for breakfast.

Among the men who went to CA and returned were some of the best citizens of the county. They were pioneers in this section and recognized and assisted in developing the resources which we enjoy today. Nearly all of the have passed over the great divide but their children and grand children today occupy the garden spot of America and comprise one of the beat communities to be found anywhere.

Uncle Mart Newlin of West York writes the Herald stating that seven more names who should be added to the list published in last week's issue of those who went from Hutsonville to CA in 1850. They were William and Robert Green. Wm. Holaday, Russell Kinney, Joshua Henderson and Jonathan Newlin continuing he says; Uncle Field must have forgotten there were two Jonathan Newlins. One returned home and the other was killed in CA. by a falling tree. The above men have all passed over the divide, but there is still another one who made the journey living at Annapolis, in the person of Tommy Lindley. I will say to Uncle Field, the next time we meet we talk this matter over for the list may not be complete yet, I was a boy 15 years, but was well acquainted and knew nearly all of them and remember them with pleasure.

A story" Tales of his boyhood days, from the Constitution, while attending a reunion at Morea:

Mr. President and Fellow Citizens. It is a great pleasure to me to meet with you on this occasion and if I can say anything that will be of interest I will be pleased. If not I hope you will pardon me for trespassing on you time. On last Tuesday in company with my daughter, we left Robinson for a drive to Draper cemetery. It is situated on the land grandfather Draper built his first cabin on in 1816, three miles north of Hutsonville. Near there, we viewed a fine spring of water which was his main attraction for a home in the wilderness. From there we went to the old homestead on Quaker Lane, where I was born and grew to manhood. My father built that house 70 years ago and it still looks like an old land mark fifty years hence. The plates on that building are solid oak 12 inches deep by 18 inches broad. They are supporting the fourth roof that has been put on it. It was built on congress land. Some years later my father mounted his only horse, rode to Palestine, sold him for fifty dollars, went nto the land office and traded the fifty dollars even to Uncle Sam for 40 acres of land. Away back in the 40's it was no uncommon occurrence to stand on the porch of that house and look east on the Quaker Land and see from two to sixteen wagons pulling west loaded with Buckeyes and their household goods. They were taking Greeley's advice and going west to grow up with the country. The Quaker Lane only extended a short distance beyond the hand homestead and that was the last place where those pioneer immigrants could get any information as to the route through the prairie they ought to go to find loved ones who had come first. Many hours did my father spend in giving them encouragement and directing them the way to their friends in Licking township. Many times have I drove the oxen that hauled my mother to Old York and Hutsonville to trade her marketing for the necessaries of life. I was at a presidential election in 1844 in Hutsonville, saw a coon climb a whig pole and eat a rooster. I was at the first circuit court held in Robinson. Beam Brothers have converted the building then used as a court house into a blacksmith shop. In conclusion I want to tell these old pioneers how near I came being governor of IL. Away back in the 40's Crawford County had the honor of furnishing a man who was elected governor of this great state. He was Augustus C. French. He was a citizen of Palestine. About the time he was elected govenor he came to Quaker Lane in search of a girl to do house work. He found one and her father, was a near neighbor to my father. She went and after working awhile came home. Soon afterward there came a fine sleighing snow and I told her I would be pleased to take her sleigh ridiing to church. She gave me her consent and we went to Eaton to church. Before our return the governor sent for her and on our return in the evening her father told her he had promised to send her and requested me to take her. That seemed to call for another sleigh ride which I did not object to. But the thought of approaching the governor and his good wife was a damper, as I was only a green country jake. I had confidence in the girl and thought she would pilot me through and on the following morning the girl and I boarded the sleigh and pulled east on the Quaker Lane and in due time halted in front of the governor's mansion in Palestine. We were ushered in with a friendly greeting. I ate at the governor's table, slept in the governor's bed and went sleigh riding with the governor's hired girl.

W. D. Hand

REMINISCENCES (circa 1907)
Uncle Woodford Hand one of the pioneers of Hutsonville township, was a caller in the THE HERALD office Tuesday and left the following for publication:

Sixty four years ago I was a lad of nine summers on my journey through life and witnessed the battle of the ballots in Hutsonville. I can only think of two pioneers now living in Hutsonville Township who engaged in that battle, John Bradbury and James Bennett being the only veterans left. Forty-seven years ago I, with many others of Hutsonville and vicinity journeyed on a military expedition to Belmont, Mo. The first blood from Crawford County was spilled from the body of Capt. Thomas G. Markley while engaged in battle. His body now lies in the Hutsonville cemetery. We journeyed through Forts Henry Donaldson, Shilo, Vicksburg, and Atlanta with Sherman through Georgia to Savannah, thence to Columbia. Raleigh, Richmond Fredricsburg, Petersburg and on to Washington City for the grand review of the army, which was the proudest day of our lives. After so long a sojourn we are back again to witness the battle of ballots today and whoever the voters decide shall guide the Ship of State the next four years let us, as true American citizens trust him and live in hopes that he may preside with honesty and his best judgment.

Back seventy-five or more years ago there were town sites laid out in Crawford County which held out great promises that never materialized, or grew to more pretensions than a cross road and blacksmith shop, or a little country store that did straggling business for a very short time. But there were one or two others that had more ground for a future, prominent among them being the town of Bristol who the point for which merchandise for Palestine and the western part of the county was shipped via steamboats on the Wabash, and produce shipped from the same point and section was shipped South. Pork was also packed and shipped from there by Preston Co. and O. H. Bristol and Co. We believe however, there was never a store at this point. It was said that the neighborhood immediately roundabout was a rendevouz for thieves and several people of the communty were not above suspicion. A raid made there in time of the Civil War on the hunt for deserters turned up quite a lot of stolen goods. There is no sign of a town there now where 50 years ago there was a dozen or more houses. Another town of which it was hoped would make a city of no mean importance was in Port Jackson, which was located on the shores of the Embarrass River and a very nice point for a port when by the "systems of locks and dams" which were proposed by politicians who were seeking election to the legislature and the congress and were thus gulling a constituency who were ignorant of the true conditions and requirements for such internal improvements. But there are today a system of paternalism in operation on many little rivers in the South with little or no better opportunities of making them useful than were at that time afforded by the Embarrass. At one time Port Jackson was quite a flourishing little hamlet, having two stores and a cabinet shop manufacturing such household furniture as was demanded at the time. There was also a mill doing quite a little business in grist milling and sawing. Samuel Haines had a pretty good trade as late as the civil war. There is nothing there but a ford crossing of the Embarrass and a house to mark the location of the town. Port Jackson also had a distillery -- which did some considerable business in the manufacture of booze. One "Jot" Rhodes was probably the original owner and operator, but part of the time at least during the civil war. Lawrence Roby, a gentleman from Kentucky, was operating and paying the government tax required to aid in maintaining the Union. There was during the early settling of the southwestern portion of Crawford County along with the northern part of Lawrence an organized band of marauders and horse theives operating in every locality where they could secure booty whose head quarters seemed to be located the area then termed "Dark Bend". So thoroughly organized that convictions were an impossibility. As is said about war there were a lot of "camp followers" of this organization whose operations appeared to extend only to that of sheep and hog thief and many of the good people of the county round about the Bend and Chauncey suffered the loss of the character of stock, hogs being brought in from the bottoms "without ears" the mark as a s proof being thus effectually destroyed. Furnaces were found along the river below Hardinsville, and it was supposed that these had been used in the manufacture of counterfeit money. Efforts were made to discover lead by parties in this country, and these furnaces were discovered by them. It is told that when a church building was being erected just over in the edge of Lawrence County among other things placed in one of the posts of the pulpit conforming to the custom of the present time of putting historical papers in corner stones of churches and public buildings, a history of this band. This was believed to have been a part of the celebrated league of the Miami which was exploited in Emmerson Bennett's novel "The League of the Miami". There was at this time living in the Bend country one Bill Ray, who was generally credited as being a member of this gang, and a number of the smaller thefts were so closely traced to him, along with other misdemeanors, as to satisfy the neighborhood of this guilt. And yet no positive proof to call forth a conviction was obtainable. Finally the methods of the West were adopted, only a little more so, in that Judge Lynch did not call a court for a trial, at least with the prisoner present. However, a few of those who had suffered gave him a surprise one night in the winter of 1864. They took him out, hung him to a tree and took a shot at the body as it hung. He was found and taken away the next day and buried. No investigation or effort to find and arrest the parties was made. The only attention was by some parties marking the grave with a number of sheep skulls. Another early day town site and town was Crawfordsville, located just inside our county at its southern edge. Hezekiah Martin owned a farm and had amill about sixty years ago. There was a good farming country in the lower part of Crawford and in upper Lawrence Co. adjacent to the mill, and Mr. Martin started a little store in connection with the mill. The trade was beyond expectation and as the demand for articles not kept in stock grew the stock was increased until it became "a general store" and about everything to be called for was to be had, from farm tools and household goods down to cheese and crackers, supplemented by booze from the drink up. The place became known as Crawfordsville and a port office was established. It was not long until the place became known for sports, and a race track was established, which became quite an attraction. Pinkstaffs of Lawrence county and the Harlans from Clark County were among its patrons. At every race pulled off, there was considerable property changing hands from ready cash to jack knives. When the railroad was built and ---Vincennes--- it passed within a few rods of the mill and store and great anticipations went forth for a town of prominence. But a few miles north of Crawfordsville, John W. Jones had opened a store at the road crossing and on the line of the railroad. He got the Flat Rock post office, which was in the country a mile or two, removed and started the town of Flat Rock. A few miles south over in Lawrence county William Bird owned a farm through which the railroad passed. He thought it a good place for a town and he got a station located which was named for him. A store and a post office soon attracted trade, and the embryo town began to grow. The rivalry between the three towns was quite lively. The Crawfordsville folks claimed that their town was the best place to "make money". Two men tried it on, but as they only made nickels that had not accumulated a sufficiency to keep them out of the pen. They were Josephus Henry, a farmer, who at one time owned a store there which was burned. The other was a blacksmith named Summers. Samson Taylor and James W. Lindsay also tried merchandising there and were also burned out, supposed to be incendiary. The rivalry between the three towns grew apace, and Crawfordsville being "between the upper and nether milesones" of Flat Rock and Bird soon began to show the effects of the grinding. There is nothing now to show where the "townsite" was.

Hon. H.C. Bell in a recent article to the Marshall Herald, writes as follows:

Coming back to York again, there are a few musing, and some near tragic incidents which occurred there during the war of the Rebellion and some queer characters around York in those beligerant days. York was intensely loyal during the war, and to be a democrat and openly avow it was to court contempt and ostracism. I had nearly said court contempt and really danger. York township in those days, and especially the town of York was about as solidly Republican as one would often see, even these days of dominant Republican rule. But there were a few democrats around there, ike Aaron Ball, Dick Falley, Tom McGriff who manfully stood by the Democratic colors, kept the faith and defied all attempts to silence or frighten them.

Among the open, rampant Democrats was Bill Crowe. Bill was a character in his day in more ways than one. For one thing, he imbibed too much of Jake Dolson's firewater when he came over to York, for he lived across the river in Turman township, Sullivan County, Indiana, which was about as noted a hot bed of southern sympathy as could be found any where north of the Mason's and Dixon's line. Sullivan Co. then, as now, was overwhelmingly democratic, and it sympathy for the confederacy was well known. In fact about the only Union men, as they were called in those days, over there that dared to say their souls were their own, were Hardy Osborn and Perry Murphy. It was hard to get enrolling officers over there to act in those days in taking the enrollment preparatory to the draft; but Perry and Hardy braved the wrath of the rebel element, as it was called and took the enrollment, or started to do so. So one night a band of rebel sympathizers raided Perry's house to get the enrollment papers. Perry was not particulartly noted for his bravery but was intensely loyal, and took the enrollment, I think, by Hardy Osborn. The mob had their faces masked, and when they showed up Perry was not disposed to risk his life to save his papers, but he had a wife call 'Till" Murphy, whose name originally was Matilda Wilson and who had first married a man by the name of Ryerson, who was the father of Dr. Ryerson of West York and who was as brave a woman as ever lived. And when the mob appeared and demanded the papers of Perry, and Perry was not particularly in evidence, Matilda appeared on the scene, dressed in a night robe and with some iron instrument in her hand which the mob took for a pistol, and Matilda flourished the make believe pistiol and told the mob she would shoot the first man who advanced a step further into the house, or attempted to seize the papers, and finally the mob thoroughly frightened at the determined and dangerously appearing female, left the house without the enrollment papers, and the draft took place. But speaking of Bill Crow, I can see him plainly in my mind's eye now, as he appeared, wearing an old straw hat, pulled down in front and tilted up behind, in his shirt sleeves, with his shirt collar unbuttoned and the sandy hair showing thickly on his breast; with his red eyes and quid of tobacco distending his cheek. He always wore a light colored pair of trousers, tight as skin, and held up with one yarn gallus, attached to his trousers, front and rear with a nail or wooden peg. His trousers were invariable about four inches too short, and his sockless feet shoved through his unfastened shoes. Now when Bill got tanked up on Jake Dolson's worst, he began to squirt tobacco juice copiously, he became exceedingly noisy and and irritating, though by no mean dangerous. His accustomed victim on such occasion was old Charlie McDonald, an irasible and hot tempered old Scotchman, who followed the honorable and in those days exceedingly useful calling of a cobbler and shoe maker. He had a little shop just across the street from Dolson's saloon, and as soon as Bill got to feeling his oats, he would make his way for McDonald's shoe shop and at once pick a fuss with him by abusing the union soldiers and Lincoln, both of whom Charlie admired and loved, as he had two sons, Aus and Josh McDonald, in the Union Army, and Abe Lincoln he absolutely worshipped. On one occasion old Charlie completely lost his temper over Bill's rawhiding of him and his soldiers and old Abe and springing up he hurled a lap iron he was using at the time to hammer sole leather on at Bill's head. Bill dodged and the lap iron tore a piece out of the door facing, right by Bill's head. Bill lit out yelling at every jump. "That will do, Charlie that will do," but Charlie kept after him, armed now with a dirt shovel he had grabbed up from somewhere. As Bill neared the house standing just across the alley south of the Dolson saloon, the porch of which was about a foot from the ground, Bill stumbled and pitched forward, and in falling rammed his head and shoulders under the porch. Before Bill could extricate himself Charlie was upon him, and as Bill squirmed up on his knees and tried to back out from under the old porch, old Charlie, now wild with rage, and having Bill just where he had long wanted to get him, lit in on the broadest part of Bill's anatomy, over which his tight and thin light colored trousers were tightly drawn, and as old Bill would back out, old Charlie would spank him with his shovel, while old Bill roared and begged, and the resounding whacks of old Charlie's shovel could be heard over in Sullivan county, as the large crowd hastily assembled, was about the most intensely laughable thing ever pulled off in York township. Finally old Charlie, panting and puffiing at his unusual and violent exertions, desisted, and allowed old Bill to back out from under the porch and in about as humiliating and sorry condition as one could well imagine. He did not renew the trouble, but appeared to be entirely satisfied with his spanking, and spoke in an apologetic way as he followed the now pacified and seemingly thoroughly satisfied Scotchman back to his little shop, apologizing as he went. After that Bill did not, no matter how much intoxicated he was, start any discussions with Charlie McDonald's on the condition of the Union, but he gave that shop a wide berth.

Another amusing incident and which came near culminating in a homicide or two, and which also happened during the war, was the capture and assault of Sam and Barney Marvin, and the final forcing of them to take the oath of allegiance by a mob, started by Roy Foster and afterwards led by Joseph McDonald, and in which George Alexander played a stirring and important part.

FORTY-NINERS (circa 1903)
Fifty three years ago this spring, several men from this vicinity went to far away California which was then over run with prospectors who had come from their homes in the east to dig for gold in the sands of the western streams. Then it was that a journey to California meant somewhat of hardship and peril. Then it was that a trip to that land of gold must be made in slow ways across the plains, or by way of Cape Horn or by boat to and from the isthmus of Panama which was crossed by land.

Among the number from this county to brave these hardshiips and perils were Lafayette Rains, Eldridge Kinney, Russ Kinney, and Henry Holliday. They reached the sunset land and returned in safety; but today "Uncle Henry Holliday", of West York, is alone of all that number of brave, rugged men. They have all gone to a land whence they will never return and Uncle Henry, in spendid isolation, stand grandly alone to repeat to the present generation the thrilling adventure of that memorable age.

A severe electrical storm visited the vicinity Monday and a reactionary storm of equal intensity Tuesday afternoon. The wind was so strong as to lay growing corn flat in the field, large trees were uprooted, and limbs broken from scores of other trees. Lightning flashes followed one after the other in quick succession while the peals of thunder were incessant. Among the losses incurred by wind and lightning the following have been reported to this office:

Will Rains suffered the loss of a fine black horse by lightning.

A barn belonging to Guy Musgrave was partially blown down.

Thomas Kennedy's silo was blown to the ground.

John McCain suffered the loss a of a horse when the barn on the Abigail Lindley place was struck and burned to the ground.

Lightninng struck Walter Lowe's house, but did not do a great deal of damage.

Steve Newlin suffered the loss of two cows by lightning.

The Methodist church had a few shingles ripped from the cupalo.

Hutsonville hotel was struck by lightning which ran down the chimney and into one of the rooms whose occupant had just left.

Orestus Reynolds suffered the loss of three horses by lightning.

The home of Mrs. Alma Moorhead was struck by lightning, but little damage was done.

These with the loss in crops destroyed cannot be well estimated and the damage will total will run into the thousands of dollars.

Last Friday about noon the beautiful county home of Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Everingham northwest of town caught fire and completely destroyed, The loss is reported to be between three and four thousand dollars which was covered by only $1000 insurance. The cause of the fire was due to a defective flue. Mr Everingham intends to begin at once erecting a new building on the site.

Thursday last was a day made notable by a few of the old veterans of the civil war through the kindness of Comrade George B. Everingham and wife of this vicinity. Something over a year ago Mr. Everingham expressed to one of his Comrades of Robinson a desire to have some of the boys from Robinson and Palestine to come and spend the day with him. At about the time arrangements weremaking for such a visit the home of Mr. and Mrs. Everingham was entirely consumed by fire. A new residence was completed at the same site, the invitation being renewed and a date set for last Thursday was accepted and the following comrades came to participate in the enjoyment of the occasion, their age in years following: E. G. Rutherford 79, Joseph Lackey 80, M.J. Noe 76, Prevo Ralston 79, G. W. Harper 86, Robinson; J. W. Leaverton 85, E. O. Newland 78, F.M. Martin 78, A. A. Newland 83 M. H. Ambrose 76, Palestine; R. P. McGahey 78, Duncanville.

At the home the party was met by Rev. I. C. Tedford, son-in-law of Mr and Mrs. Everingham, who conducted them to the house, where they were received by Mr. and Mrs. Everingham, their daughter, Mrs. I.C. Tedford and Mrs. Edna Stephens.

The party having arrived at about 10:30 had near two hours of visiting and talking over old times, going back to a few years previous to the war in which they had borne a part and to incidents and circumstances connected therewith. The advancement in all the years following, furnished an interesting topic of converse and suggestions, as to what the future held in store for coming generations was a theme for some debate.

At about 12:00 a call to dining room was made where the ladies had prepared a most elegant dinner. Seated around the board Rev. Ambross was called upon and returned thanks and the good dinner was disposed of with an appetite and relish, after which an adjournment was taken to the lawn.

Mr. Everingham, who is now 80 years old, enlisted in Feb.,1862, in a company being formed for a regiment which became the 62nd Illinois with James M. True of Mattoon, as a Colonel and S. M. Meeker, of the County, Major. The company was officered by Capt. Crooks, of Lamotte, Guy S. Alexander at first, and James McGrew as second lieutenants. Mr. Everingham who enlisted as a private was made 8th corporal, but sometime before the close of the war he had by promotions risen to the rank of captain, and in command of the company was discharged at the time of theclose of the war. He had saved some money during his service and was married about three years later to Miss Anna Musgrave of the vicinity. By good management and hard work he increased his possessions, and purchased the farm of which his present home is a part. The same good management has been able to help his children to a start in the world. Some fourty-four years ago Mr. Everingham had erected a very nice, convenient and substantial dwelling of a story and half, adding outer buildings as they were needed, and this remained the happy home where the six children were reared, and married and settled in life. they are as follows; Mrs. W. A. Rains, Mrs. I. C. Tedford, Mrs. Ed S. Baker, Arthur O. Everingham, Mrs. W. A. Westner, mrs. R. L. Heber. With this family of fourteen there are for the original parents 25 grandchildren and 10 great grandchildren, making a total of 49. The unusual thing in connection with the family is that they are all living, not a death having occured in all the fifty-five years. On the 15th of September of last year the home waa burned, but Mr. and Mrs Everingham saved a picture of the old home where they had spent forty-three years of happy life. As this foundation remained after the fire, as a matter of course, they wanted the new home built right there.

Mr. and Mrs G. B. Everingham celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary yesterday at their home northwest of Hutsonville. Only members of the immediate family joined in the day of gladness and retrospect, as the real celebration is being deferred until next summer.

Mr. Sears, the oldest man in Crawford County, died Monday at his home in Honey Creek Township at the ripe old age of 94 years. Robinson Cor.(?)

Robinson, Illinois, Nov. 12 (AP) For 64 years George W. Harper, 90 has wielded the editorial pen on a daily newspaper. He is believed to be the oldest active newspaper editor in the country. His long years of service have been spent on The Robinson Argus, the first number of which was issued Dec. 12, 1863. Since then not a single issue has been printed without something from Harper's pen. He started as a printer, and marked his last birthday anniversary by setting a column of type.

Thirty-five years ago this morning most of the merchandise in Hutsonville was on the streets, for on the night previous occurred the most destructive fire in the history of the town, and up to that time in this section of the state. The fire started in a building located on the present site of The Herald office, it being a grocery store owned by John Nidy. This store was burglarized and it was supposed that the thief accidently started the fire by dropping a match in some waste paper near the money drawer. The fire swept every building north to Preston & Lake's store. which was saved. The buildings which were destroyed and the owners thereof are given in the order in which the property was burned: Office belonging to Esquire Isaac N. Lowe, which was the only one story building: harness and saddle store of A. J. McCarty; a new drug store just completed, belonging to George Hasselback and Dr. Wm. Eaton; another drug store owned by J. J. Golden and Will Spoon; general store of R. W. Canaday, and above this store was the Masonic hall, the building being known as the Harness & McDowell store; next was the general store of Hurst & Olwin, the only brick building, and on the corner was the hardware store of Draper & Bennett.

The fire started about 2 o'clock in the morning of Dec. 17, 1873, and by daylight the buildings were all in ruins. Most of the merchandise was saved but considerable of it was stolen, as it had to remain in the street for two or three days until other quarters could be provided. The old red house which stood on the south corner also caught fire, but voluntarly went out, as has been the case several times since, and it now thought to be immune from fire. An incident which showed the dealings of men in those days was brought about by this fire. Will Spoon had bargained for a half interest in the drug store of J. J. Golden, but the deal had not been closed. However, Mr. Spoon felt that he should bear part of the loss and did, though he sold some land to raise the money. As was stated, this was the largest fire in this part of the country and many people came a distance of forty miles to see the ruins.

Charles Rains and family spent Sunday with O.(?) H. Musgrave and family.

F. Ormiston and wife spent Sunday with Wm. Guyer and wife.

Lee Draper visited in Terre Haute Tuesday and Wednesday.

Miss Julia Leonard is visiting Mrs. ---Tuttle, a few days this week.

Mrs. Elvina Layton spent Wednesday with her daughter, Mrs. Leslie Lindley.

Thirty-two years ago last Sunday Dec. 17, 1873, there occurred in Hutsonville a fire which was one of the most disastrous that ever visited the town. The flame started in a building on the site where The Herald office is now located and which was then occupied by John Nidey. The fire swept north taking three rooms occupied by Jack McCarty as a harness shop, a general store owned by Hasselback & Eaton, a drug and grocery store conducted by Joseph H. Rackerby, a general store belonging to R. W. Canaday, the dry goods store of Hurst & Olwin, which was the only brick building in the row, and ended with Draper & Bennett's hardware store. It is a peculiar fact that the fire was stopped when it reached Preston, Lake & Co's building on the ground now occupied by McNutt & Musgrave's hardware store, which was the only building and stock insured. The loss on the burned buildings was total, and was estimated at over $75,000.

Last Night's Rain the Heaviest Experienced in Years---Bridges Washed Away--Livery-Man Walker Looses a Team and Driver of Hack Has a Narrow Escape.

The hardest rain of the season occured last night, swelling all surrounding streams. The creek running through the north part of town was transformed into a rushing river, carrying away the bridges at Rose and High streets and washing away the grade at Pleasant Street, the stone arch alone remaining to mark the spot where the roadway should be.

Solly Ayres, who drives the hack to the morning train, had a narrow escape, as well as a passenger, E. F. Boggis of Indianapolis. The hack was enroute to the depot. In the dark Solly did not notice the bridge at High Street was gone and drove his team into the raging stream. Solly saved himself by clinging to the limb of a tree, while Mr. Boggis found refuge on the wreckage of the bridge. The team of horses were drowned.

The large iron bridge across Raccoon Creek, near West York, is also reported down, and it would not be surprising if half the bridges in the township {were gone}.

Joe Kopta ------hogs drowned by the back water flooding his hog pen.

In fact the deluge was a heavy one, and much damage has been done, full particulars of which will be given next week.

The morning passenger train failed to arrive, and it is feared one or more bridges between here and Robinson are washed out.

Like a black wraith the whirling storm demon swept through the northwest past of the county last Friday night, leaving in its track the wreckage of ruined property.

The storm came from the southwest and after overturning a few smaller things struck the residence of R. D. Athey east of Annapolis, overturning it and the barn, blowing down trees, hay stacks and fences. A fine Jersey cow was carried a short distance and thrown with such violence on the ground that the cow was literally bursted, the carcass being strewed around. No one was injured.

Horace Lowe's house and property was completely ruined, and he and his wife hurt, his hip being injured and his wife's rib broken.

At Albert Guyers' house was badly wrecked and his thirteen-year-old son had both legs broken by a fallling chimney. The boy is in a serious condition and if he recovers, one of his legs must probably be amputated.

The cyclone struck Harrrison Guyers' moving the house about ten feet and turning it around.

Andrew Guyer's home was ruined. The family had just sat down to supper when the storm struck. The house was moved off its foundation, windows and doors torn out and furniture overturned; but in the kitchen where the family sat not even the lamp was overturned and no one was injured. Chickens were blown with such force against fences and buildings that the impact stuck feathers into the wood and stained it with blood. A fine two room chicken-house was destroyed. Mr. Guyer estimates his loss at not less than two thousand dollars.

The miracle is that so few were injured and none killed. An idea of how terrific was the force of the storm may be gained from the fact that at one place a piece of weather board was driven through an inch board and hay was driven into solid oak posts. Nothing like it has ever happened before in this county and we hope that it may never happen again.

News Note:
Charles Prevo attended the wedding of Nathan Musgrave and Miss Olive Davis yesterday on Lamotte Prairie.

Dr. Weir of this place and his brother of Union went to Paris Wednesday to attend the medical association.

Fred Ormiston, Ira Fitts, Cora Roth and Alma McCrory spent last Sunday at Trimble, the guests of the Misses Spivey.

Word was received by Mrs. W.D. Majors of the marriage of Miss Marie Lindley, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Lindley, who formerly lived northwest of Hutsonville, but now live in Part Gibson, Miss, She was married to a Mr. Lester Seeman Sunday Oct. 14th.

Thomas E. Lindley is reported to have sold his 120 acre farm near here and purchased a plantation near Gibson, Mississippi. Mr. Lindley will get possession of his new holdings about December 1, and will remove with his family to that place.

A surprise was given Mrs. Belle Kennedy Friday in honor of her 78 birthday. Those present were Jesse Musgrave and family, G. B. Everingham and wife, Saliv Ann Seigel, Sally Ann Cox, Frank Powell and family. Wm P. Musgrave and daughter, H. A. Voorheis and wife and Stanton Cox and wife of Robinson. An excellent supper was served and all enjoyed a good time.

At the M. E. parsonage Saturday evening Wilbur Lowe and Miss Ellen Lindley were united in marrriage by Rev. E. G. Wininger. The groom is a son of Mr. and Mrs. W. V. Lowe and the bride, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Lindley. They have the best wishes of all for a happy and prosperous life.

A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs Wilbur Lowe, residing west of town Monday.

Last Sunday evening at 6:30 o'clock occurred the wedding of Miss Mary Voorheis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Voorheis to Mr. Thomas F. Lindley, son of Mr. Pratt Lindley of Quaker Lane. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. John L. Cox of the Baptist church at the residence of the bride' parents, on and one-half miles west of town. It was a most pleasant affair and was witnessed only by the immediate relatives and friends of the contracting parties, numbering about fifty. The bride is a most estimable young lady and highly respected by those who are so fortunate as to have her acquaintance and will make a most amiable and faithful helpmate. Mr. Lindley bears and excellent reputation in this community and is noted for his integrity and genial ways. Everyone unites in wishing them a long and happy, as well as a prosperous journey through life's thorny path.

Married Thursday evening, Aug. 9th at the residence of the bride's parents Mr. John Voorheis to Miss Allice Rains.

Henry A. Vorrheis, residing west of town was 85 years of age Tuesday and a family dinner was given at the home of his son.Dr. C. H Vooorheis, Wednesday. Uncle Henry was born on the farm where he resides and is among the oldest native inhabitants of the county. He was united in marriage to Elize N. Cox May 8, 1855, and the couple observed their Golden wedding anniversaary in 1906(?). He is one of the most highly respected men of the community and enjoys a large acquaintanceship, and all his friends hope his years may be many and pleasant.

Mr. and Mrs. H.A. Voorheis gave an ----- dinner yesterday in honor of their son, Dr. C. H.Voorheis and bride. There were a number of invited guests and the occasion proved amost enjoyable affair.

Dr. and Mrs. Voorheis, Mr. and Mrs. Ellison Boyd, Mr and Mrs. Ed Lindley and Elmer Lindley attended the Lindley- Lacey nuptials at Sullivan, Wednesday evening.

A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. J.O. Paull at Palestine Friday.

Announcements were received this week of the arrival of an eight pound boy at the home of Mr. and Mrs. O. O. Lake at Ventura, California, on Thursday, April 19th. The mother was formerly Miss Mary Dix, daughter of Asa Dix of this place. The little one will answer ( end missing)

Mrs. Elizabeth Dix, living northwest of town near the Baptist church, was stricken with paralysis Wednesday morning. She had been in poor health for some time, thought of late has been able to be up and around, The stroke effected her right side, and her condition is critical. Owing to her advanced age, being 80 years old, there is little hope of recovery.

Asa Dix and Miss Margaret Morin (?) were married Saturday at Paris. They returned on the evening train, and thought to evade the greeting which their friends had in store for them by stoppin off at West York and driving to Hutsonville. Their plans were learned, however, and arriving at West York. Asa was given a ride on trucks from the depot to town. And after some delay they were permitted to drive home. They were given a charivari here Tuesday evening. They are a popular couple and have a host of friends who wish them a full measure of happiness and prosperity. They will make their home with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. James Morin.

A small company of friends helped Asa Dix celebrate his 66th birthday anniversary Tuesday. A big dinner was served. Those present were Mr. and Mrs Dave Rockwell, Mrs. Gurtie Rockwell, and daughter, Emma, of Annapolis Mr. and Mrs. Harlin Dix and family, and Mr. and Mrs. J.M.Crocker.

Asa Dix, who was elected assessor last week for a three year term, is assessing the township for the thirtieth time during the past forty years. At one time during this period he was assessor for twelve consecutive years. This is a phenominal record and we wonder if there is another in the state that compares with it.

Mr. Dix informs us that when he began assessing forty years ago that he had but one book to keep, and assessing was much simpler than now. This book contained all assessed real estate, personal property, leases, and dogs. Now five books are necessary for the assessor to complete his books.

The assessment now runs more than three times what it did then, Mr. Dix asserts. He also gives an example of the increase in taxation during this period. The taxes on one piece of land that he remembers was $1.80 at the beginning of his assessing and last year the taxes were almost $20. Part of this however is due to improvements on the land in the meantime.

Mr. Dix states that the rate in the village of Hutsonville for last year was about 4 1/2 %.

When Mr. Dix completes the term to which he has just been elected, he will have assessed the township 33 times. If there is a better record than this in the state Illinois. Mr.Dix and the Herald would like to be advised of it.

Henry Musgrave was in town a few days the past week. Besides receiving a large bonus he now has an income of $1100 per month and more wells being drilled.

Thomas Zellers, a farmer living near Annapolis and Miss Dale Musgrave, daughter of Henry Musgrave went to Paris Saturday and were married that afternoon by Judge Lamon.

The oldest landmark in the county was destroyed this morning by a terrific wind storm. Just at the southern limit of the town was an old fort that was erected in 1802, on the Indian trail that at one time led from Louisville to Vincennes. It was called White Oak Spring Fort, from the numerous white oak trees and springs that surrounded it. In his march to the battle of Tippecanoe, in 1807, the fort was occupied by General Wm. H. Harrison, and one of his soldiers of the name of Miley was killed while standing in the door, by an Indian. The fort was built when the Indians, becoming incensed at the early settlers taking their land from them, gathered in bands and several battles took place. The fort was made huge timbers and had port holes on every side. In the center was a fine spring of water that has never ceased flowing. The building was full of arrow and spear heads and bullets. Hundreds of visitors from abroad have visited it, and numerous Indian mounds dotted the surrounding country. During the same storm the cupola of the C. P. Church at Ireland, a small village 12 miles east of here, was demolished by lightning, and the steel ceiling torn off. The pastor, who was on the outside making some repairs to the building, was knocked insensible.

The late E. L. Draper, whose death occurred twenty years ago, for many years previous kept a diary in which were recorded interesting happenings in this community. For the next few weeks, The Herald will publish a series of these chronological events. Especially to the older generation will they be of interest. and those who wish to keep a record of early events can clip the data and paste it in a scrap book.

Feb. 14, 1865---About 60 volunteers left Hutsonville. J. W. Lowber, capt; J.U.Nidey, 1st lieut; M.C.Woods, 2nd lieut; John Larabee, orderly.
April 15, 1865--News received of President Lincoln's assassination.
Jan. 29, 1866-- Death of Benjamin Harrison
Oct. 15, 1866 --Death of John T. Cox
Dec. 10, 1867-- Marriage of F. Boyd to Miss Beatrice Draper.
March 28, 1868--M. P. Rackerby came from Dubuque, Iowa. He is the oldest merchant in Hutsonville.
May 7, 1868--Joseph Kopta arrived on boat from Terre Haute.
May 10, 1968-- W.L. Draper and family returned from Terre Haute to make their home at Hutsonville.
July 8, 1868 --Moore's residence, occupied by Dr. Wm. Eaton located on the site where R. A. Pleasant lives, was burned and nearly all the contents destroyed.
Aug. 8, 1868--Jacob Tapscott was killed while with a posse of men who attempted to effect the arrest of Jim Lane, a desperado, who with a gang had robbed Judge Steers' residence near Annapolis. Two of the gang were killed and two injured.
Dec. 6, 1868-- Marrriage of John Boos to Miss Carrie Foster.
Feb. 29, 1869--Death of Mrs. John Nidy.
Aug. 7, 1869--Total eclipse of the sun.
Aug. 15, 1869-- Death of Mrs. M. J. Mackey.
Sept. 13, 1869-- C. Rogers' house, located on the site where Mrs. Beatrice Lane now lives, was destroyed by fire.
Oct. 28, 1869-- Death of Mrs. Mary Mead.
Jan. 13, 1870-- Death of Daniel Dawson.
Dec. 18, 1870-- H. H. Bogard found dead in bed.
Jan. 9, 1871-- Death of Mrs. Charles Parker
March 15, 1871-- Death of Perry Holderman.
April 29, 1971--Death of Mrs. Henry Holiday
April 30, 1871 Death of W. Nash at the hotel, who was suddenly taken sick while trading here.
May 16, 1871 --Death of Wm. McCoy.
June 20, 1871-- Death of Mrs. James Moore.
July 14, 1871--Richard Jewel found drowned in the river.
Aug. 15, 1871-- Death of A. Norsworthy
Oct. 6, 1871-- Death of Joe Griffith.
Nov. 17, 1871-- Death of Mrs. Angeline Dobbins in Davies County, Indiana
Dec. 30, 1871 Death of Miss Amy Barker
Aug. 11, 1871--Instruments arrived for first band which was organized here.

Names of members will be given next issue:
Aug. 26, 1871--Sheldenburger's circus exhibited here. It was one of the largest on the road.
Jan. 8, 1872--Death of F. Hasslebacker.
Feb. 9, 1872--Death of Mrs. Joseph Petri.
Feb. 24, 1872 Death of Mrs. A.G.Sutherland.
May 12, 1872-- Death of Jacob O. Harness.
July 6, 1872--- Death of Thomas Barbee.
July 28, 1872-- Lon Goggins killed by lightning on Lamotte prairie.
Nov. 18, 1872 --Death of Vincent Nidy.
Nov. 26, 1872---Death of Andrew P. Harness.
Dec. 1, 1872---Death of Mrs. Vincent Nidy.
Jan. 11, 1873---Explosion of the steamer J. St. Clair on the Chattahoochee river near Eufaula Ala, in which nineteen persons were killed. John Hassellback and W. L. Draper were passengers on the boat, but escaped injury.
March 19, 1873--Death of John Boes.
March 20, 1873--Marriage of Evermont Foster to Miss Alzina Clark.
April 18, 1873---Death of Manford Mc.Cutcheon.
May 6, 1873 -----Marriage of S. L. Bennett to Miss Mattie Draper.
June 18, 1873----Death of John Everingham.
June 30, 1873----Death of John B. Hassellback
July 8, 1873-------Death of A. J. McCarthy.
July 9, 1873-------Death of Mrs. Jane M. Barlow
Aug. 12, 1873-----Three day religious debate between Rev. Tomlinson, Christian and Rev. Abbott, Universalist. Big crowds came.
Dec. 17, 1873----Destruction by fire of the block on the east side of Main street, and buildings being burned from the old "red house" to Clover Street.
Feb.12, 1874-------Death of Mrs. Anna Nabb.
May 7, 1874--------Death of Jacob Hassellback.
June 8, 1874--------Death of Henry W. Hollowell.
Dec. 12, 1874-------Death of Mrs. Thomas Holmes.
Jan 22, 1875---------Silver wedding of Mr. and Mrs. W. L.Draper. Their marriage occurred 63 years ago.
March 10, 1875-----Death of Charles Pritchard.
April 5, 1875--------Death of Thomas Evans.
April 19, 1875-----The first railroad iron was spiked inside the corporation. The road was known as the Paris and Danville. A "Y" was built which extended to the present residence of Dr. C. H. Voorheis.
July 12, 1875---------Death of Capt. J. R. Stanford
July 13 1875----------Death of W. Beers
July 13, 1875-------- Marriage of H. C. Bell to Estella Wilhite
Aug. 5, 1875--------- Flood of the Wabash river, being the highest ever before known.
Sept. 10, 1875-------Death of Benjamin C. Foster
Sept. 24, 1875-------Death of Mrs. Mary Pierson.
Dec. 1, 1875--------- Hackett and Son's store burned.
April 18, 1876---------Failure of Haskett Bros' general merchants of Palestine.
May 12, 1876---------Death of Charles F. Chambers
June 8, 1876-----------Death of Leroy D. Foster
June 14, 1876---------Death of Joseph B. Hendy
June 23, 1876---A man named Osborn who brutually murdered a laborer at Robinson, was taken from the jail and hung from one of the trees in the court house yard. Several residents were present and saw the lynching
June 26, 1876---Death of Mrs. C. F. Chambers.
June 26, 1876--- Death of Isaiah Willard.
Sept. 25, 1876---Shock of an earthquake felt here.
Oct. 9, 1876-------Deaths of J. S. Wilhite, Esq and James F. Hand Esqire
Nov. 15, 1876 -----Death of Henry Boyd.
Dec. 19, 1876------Hurst & Olwin's safe blown open and robbed of its contents, $900.
Jan. 14, 1882---Death of H. M. Clark, due to injuries sustained in a handcar wreck near Flat Rock.
March--, 1882---Death of Mrs. L. M. Knight.
March 30,1882--Death of Mrs. Margaret Culver.
May 5, 1882---Railroad wreck at Hutson creek south of Hutsonville. The wreck was caused by the bridge being washed out, and the fireman was drowned. Two others saved their lives by climbing into trees, from which they were rescued.
May 6, 1882---Death of Isaac N. Lowe.
June 12, 1882---Death of Mrs. Peter Roush.
June 30, 1882---Charles L. Guitteau hanged at Washington, D. C. for the assassination of President Garfield
Sept. 9, 1882---Destruction by fire of the residence of Dr. J. J. Golden.
Nov. 11, 1882---Death of Wm. Pierson.
Nov. 12, 1882---Death of Mrs. Rachel Gurly Hand.
Nov. 28, 1882---Death of Mrs. Margret Moore.
Dec. 11, 1882---Wm. Gosnell found drowned at the Rock Bar. He was the first person buried in the new cemetery north of Hutsonville.
Feb. 8, 1883---Death of A. J. Wright.
Feb. 14, 1883---Great flood of the Wabash river, the waters reaching the highest point ever before known.
May 31, 1883---Death of Wm. Gaskin Adams.
Aug. 18, 1883---John, son of John Adams drowned in the river.
Oct. 6, 1883---Death of Elmer Evans.
Nov. 5, 1883 --John Harness and family moved to Kansas.
Nov. 26,1883 ---Death of Chas. Nidy.
Dec. 10, 1883-- Death of A. B. McElwain.
Dec. 1883-- Victor Josephs killed by Dr. Hughes at Annapolis, while attempting to force an entrance into the latter's house.
March 13, 1884--Death of Francis Draper.
Aug. 20 1884-- Death of G. W. McDowell at French Lick Springs, IN.
Sept. 26, 1884-- Death of Aunt Polly Lindley.
Oct., --1884----- Death of Henry, son of William Boyd.
Nov. 8, 1884------Death of Alonzo McCoy, due to injuries sustained while coupling cars at Robinson.
May 10, 1885-----Death of Mrs. William Eaton.
June 8, 1885--- Death of Ezra Steele.
Dec. 7, 1885-- Death of John M. Ball.
April 29, 1886 -- Death of Mrs. L. Kinney.
Aug 26, 1886 --- Death of Mrs. Rev. Hughes.
Oct, 7, 1886-- Death of John R. Hurst.
Oct. 10, 1886---- Death of Lizzie Howell.
Nov. 9, 1886-------Death of H. P. Newlin.
Nov. 14 1886------Marriage of Joseph Kopta to Miss Charlotte Shew.
Dec. 4, 1886-------Death of Green Bicknell.
Dec. 4, 1886-------Death of Mrs. G. A. Hoskins
Jan. 1887-------Death of Mrs. Peter Rousch's second wife, formerly Mrs. Stuckey .
March 7, 1887------Death of Dr. Hill aged 82 years.
April 16, 1887-------Death of Bryant Cox.
July 16, 1887--------Death of Grandma Scott.
Sept 25, 1887-------Death of James Foster.
Sept. 26, 1887------Death of Stephen Buckner.
Oct. 7, 1887----------Death of Mr. Zeller, Sr.
Feb--, 1888-----------Death of John Harness.
April 26, 1888-------Death of James Dudley, Sr.
July 12, 1888--------Death of James E. Reynolds.
April 18, 1889-------Death of L. R. Pearce.
May 18, 1889--------Death of Miss Lola Olwin.
June 16, 1889-------George Burton killed by lightning while at work in the harvest field.
June 28, 1889--------Death of Miss Bertha Beard.
July 21, 1889---------Death of John A. Moore's daughter.
Aug. 3, 1889----------Death of Mrs. A. J. Fry.
Oct. 4, 1889-----------Marriage of Mr. David Mikeworth to Mrs. C. Wilhite.
Oct. 17, 1889----------J. M. Hill committed suicide at Palestine by cutting his throat.
Sept. 15, 1889--------Death of Mrs. Charles Pritchard at Merom, IN.
Oct. 22, 1889----------Death of M. N. Wilkerson.
Nov. 28, 1889----------Death of Mrs. Agnes Anderson.
Jan. 5, 1890------------Death of Ezekiel Bishop.
April 1, 1890------------Explosion of the boiler at Hussong's stave factory, resulting in the death of Ed Garrett, J. H. Hussong, A. M. Hussong, Samuel Watson and Jack Ewing..
May 24, 1890-----------Death of the mother of W. W. Acker.
June 1, 1890------------Death of Miss Hattie Canaday.
June 19, 1890----------John Sutherland found dead on the railroad track north of town, supposed to have been murdered.
March 6, 1891----------Death of Rev. Thomas Bailiff.
July 4, 1891-------------Dedication of Golden's Park.
Aug. 12, 1891----------Fiftieth marriage anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Willard.
Oct. 11, 1891-----------Death of Capt. L. W. Smith.
Oct. 21, 1891 ----------Death of Rev. Z. A. Pearce
Nov. 3, 1891-------------Death of Charles Willard

Following are the charter members of the band which was organized in 1871. The names marked with a star are the members deceased:

*Geo. B. McCoy, 1st e flat cornet.
John Holms, 2nd e flat cornet.
Dr. Wm. Eaton, 1st. b flat cornet.
J. L. Musgrave, 2nd. b flat cornet.
*Jack Plough, 2nd. b flat cornet.
W. B. Hurst, 1st. alto.
*Zach Adams, 2nd. alto.
*Jacob Hassellback, 1st. tenor.
*John Nidey, 2nd. tenor. .
*Joe Griffith, 2nd. tenor.
*Will Holmes, baritone.
Joseph Kopta, 1 bass.
L. C. Hurst, 2nd.bass.
*Pat Murphy, snare drum.
*George Hassellback, bass drum.
Mr. Plough remained with the band but one week, his withdrawal being caused by Will Claypool, a clerk in Preston's store, who was a persistent joker and always playing pranks. Claypool had a long dinner horn, and for several days immediatly following the organization of the band, he would appear on the street. The effect on the latter's nerves was such that he withdrew from the band. The members met for practice in the school building, and the band became noted throughout this portion of the state.

Snow Drifts Tie Up Traffic in Many Places

The worst March blizzard in many years hit Illinois and other states this week, causing accidents, and transportation problems and much suffering and inconvenience. The snow together with the high wind caused most of the trouble. The Chicago schools were closed Wednesday until futher notice due to the inability of the pupils to get to school. Several firms in Chicago made arrangements to care for their employees over night in hotels. Two train wrecks were attributed directly to the blizzard. Between Hutsonville and Marshall there were two places on Route 1 where there was only one way traffic.

A. D. Winters, local rural mail carrier became snow-bound on his route Wednesday and had to be pulled out. A traveling man was in Hutsonville Wednesday, related that he had been pulled through several drifts west of Greenup Tuesday evening and finnaly left it for the night, and Wednesday morning when he returned, he could just see the top of the car. Drift breakers dug the car out.

A dispatch from Greenup to the Terre Haute Star Sunday says; a dissension which took place in the Christian Church here today threatens to disrupt the leading church organization of this place.

The trouble arose over remarks made by Elder V. T. Nidy, pastor of the Christian Church in West York, Ill., who is conducting revival meetings here, at the close of his sermon last night. Part of his sermon last night was a clear and convincing appeal to the un-Godly. In his closing remarks he made the statement that the organ would not be used during the meeting and that songs would be sung only "with the spirit and understanding." The statement was a great surprise to many of the young people and others who believe in singing at revival meetings.

When the meeting opened this morning Mr. Elston, a merchant of this city and one of the leading church members told Elder Nidy that as a church, the people would not permit any censorship over the music in the congregation. Mrs. Goodman, another leading member of the church followed Mr. Elston's statement with a strong appeal for the use of the organ.

As a result of the two appeals, a stange minister preached the sermon this morning and Elder Nidy with about twenty of the older members of the church left the church. It is not known what the outcome of the trouble will be.

Prof. and Mrs. Otho Pearre Fairfield of Appleton, Wis., called upon Mr. W. B. Hurst Wednesday afternoon. Mrs. Fairfield is the grandaughter of Isaac Hutson, for whom Hutsonville was named. Mrs. Fairfield was seeking to obtain information concerning the massacre of her grandfather's family, and was very much interested in the fact surrounding the early history of Hutsonville. She expressed a desire that at some time, in the near future, the Historical Society might erect a memorial, perpetuating the site of the home of the Hutson Family.

News Note
During the storm of Monday forenoon, York township nearly experienced another cyclone. The roof of Abe Harrison's house was blown off and chicken house blown down, but no further damage is reported. The citizens of that section, however, were given a genuine scare as the wind assumed a dangerous velocity.

Many Excellent Features of the Town Are Set Forth

It seems that humanity has a tendency to make common and fail to appreciate that with which they come in contact day by day. The most pleasant conditions, the most beautiful scenery, the greatest comforts are liable to taken for granted and hold little interest if met with each day. The people of Hutsonville have much to enjoy as to scenery, advantage of location and benefits of local institutions.

It is no little privilege to be situated upon the banks of a stream such as the Wabash river. The facilities for boating, bathing and fishing are such as should be appreciated by every one. This is recognized by people from a distance who come to our river for enjoyment.

The scene which our river presents, both in normal and high stages, is indeed a beautiful one. Standing near the dwelling which was the home of the Drapers and looking to the north -east the river presents a beautiful view as its waters glide toward the village, kissed by the willows on the bank, then looking to the south where the river meets the boundary of its bank and gracefully submitting turns it way to the east; this with the motor boats and ferry making their way between makes a picture worthy of an artist's brush.

Then when the river shows its power and its turned loose, waters flood the lowlands, the picture it presents is one which has attracted many to its banks. Hutsonville is most highly favored with beautiful landscapes. From the hill view, both west and south of the village has received many comments from visitors. From the hill west of town where stetches the railroad with its busy traffic, a birdseye view of the village and the beautiful sweep of the river. Standing on the hill south of town the landscape is certainly an enthalling one. The beautiful woodland, skirting the windings of Hutson creek, the river land with its fields of waving corn, the fertile plain known as Lamotte Prairie, all this with the beautiful of the background of the Indiana bluff topped with steeple of Merom college, makes a view to hush the soul with admiration of nature's beauty. Standing on this hill with a visiting friend, after he looked the scenery over, he said, I have just returned from the Mountains of East Tenn. region known for its beautiful scenery, but I saw nothing there more beautiful than you show me here at Hutsonville.

It would be with pride that you would drive your friends through the Quaker Lane neighborhood, calling their attention to the black fertile fields, the beautiful well kept dwellings and barns, which have every mark of peace and prosperity. What are the blank walls of the city in comparison to the beauties of the scenery which our land affords.

What are the deafening noises of the city when we contrast them with the trill of the red bird, the plaintive call of the whippoorwill, the cheeful note of the katy-did, the soft chirp of the cricket, the murmur of the breeze and rustling of the leaves. It has been said that the rural distrcts produce the great men--they were raised close to the heart of nature and drank deeply at her fount of health and wisdom, We read and hear of the climates of a Florida, a California and other places, but there would you find a sweeter day than our spring days with their bird songs, their verdure and their sunshine? There could you find a more perfect day than the days the blossomed wreathed month of June gives us? And when October comes with its calm, hazy days and its perfect nights with the stars on their breast the leaves all turned yellow and gold by the kiss of the frost--well who would want to leave Hutsonville? And there are our invigorating winters. A great physician said, Instead of going south in the winter, people should go north where they may breathe in the vigor of the north cold and have their faces kissed into red by the snow and north wind." Our magnificant school buildings, our church edifices and many dwellings, are indeed things for pride. All in all Hutsonville is a good place to live and should be deeply appreciated by all its people.

Landmark of Hutsonville Burned Last Saturday

One of the landmarks of Hutsonvile was destroyed last Friday shortly before noon, when the home of W. B. Hurst, located on the hill in the west part of town, was burned to the ground. Flames were discovered coming from the roof in the east portion of the building, and the fire evidently started in the attic supposedly from a defective flue. Mrs. Hurst was the only member of the family at home, and was unaware flames were destroying her home until apprised by a neighbor. The alarm was sounded and soon a large crowd of people were on the scene, but were unable to check the flames because of lack of water. The building being mostly of oak construction burned slowly, and had there been any reasonable supply of water the house could have been saved without any great damage. The chemical engine came from Robinson, but the fire had gained such headway before its arrival, it could not be of any direct assistance. It helped to protect adjoining properties which, too, might have been destroyed, had the wind been blowing in their direction.

It is reported that as a traveling man passing through during the fire, said, it was a shame to have to stand by helpless and see property destroyed when a river of water was close at hand, but no means for using it. A few such fires as this one will entail more loss than a water system would cost, and should a fire break out in the business section there is a possibiltiy of most of the stores being destroyed, and many of them would probably not be rebuilt.

The Hurst home was a large two story building, comprising fifteen rooms, and the main part was built fifty years ago, being occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Hurst in October, 1880. Wm Spraker was the contractor.

Most of the contents of the home were saved, and though the loss of the building is partially covered by insurance this will not replace the home. Mr. Hurst said he had "been through" ten fires in Hutsonville in which he had an interest in property which was destroyed, and though he is as cheerful as one could be under the circumstances, he said most of the loss which had been occasioned by the fires cold have been averted had there been even a limited system of fire protection. And what he has experienced has been the lot of others, and may happen to any of the homes or business houses in Hutsonville unless some adequate means are taken to prevent the ravages caused by the fire.

Mr. Hurst and family wish to express their appreciation to the public who so kindly rendered assistance during the fire. ( Dec. 1930 was handwritten at the bottom of the article.)

Mrs. John Bostick, residing in Indiana, who was badly injured when her home was destroyed, lingered until Wednesday morning, when death ended her suffering. She was about sixty years of age.

The story is vouched for by several York residents that over a year ago a preacher by the name of Batey in a sermon, stated that York would be destroyed June 7, 1907.

The barn of B. F. Miller was totally destroyed, but three hens setting on eggs were carried by the wind in boxes from the barn without being hurt, and not an egg was broken.

We have heard of but one cyclone policy carried in York on buildings that were damaged and that was for $500 on the M.P. church.

Following is a list of property damaged at York:
Frank Dudley's total.
Frank Stark's roof gone.
John Keller's barn gone.
Will Whitman's barn gone.
Maurice Johnson's barn gone.
Reece Pritchard's new barn totally wrecked.
The old store building formerly occupied by P.C. Murphy's store total.
Corn cribs and ware rooms of various kinds, a dozen or more, entirely wrecked.
The houses of Ab Jackson, Geo. Coryell and Chas. Johnson badly damaged.
Methodist Protestant church, moved twenty east and almost a total wreck, though frame stands.
Methodist Episcopal church, roof torn off and plastering off of walls.
Clarence Miles, just across the river, roof gone off residence and otherwise badly damaged.
James Nicol's house damaged half and barn and all other outbuildings literally scattered over forty-acre field.
T. W. Richard's barn and other buildings demolished.
James Weldon, barn total wreck.
Canning factory, building badly wrecked.
Lumber yards, owned by Henry Rook, saw mill, wind-mill, etc. almost total loss with thousands of feet of fine lumber blown into the river.
Large two-story frame dwelling of Henry Rook, damaged heavily.
Steve Freeman, large two-story frame unroofed and building, as it stands nothing more than a shell. Almost total loss.
Mrs. Malinda Pinkson (killed), house utterly destroyed with all contents missing. Hardly a board left on the place.
M. R. Newman"s, total wreck.
B. F. Miller's, total wreck.
Andrew Pinkston, almost total.
Mrs. Jane Roberts, total.
Wm. Myers, total.
John Fitch's house badly damaged and barn entirely gone.
Mrs. Lydia Foster's, almost total.
Geo. Daugherty's house and building formerly occupied as saloon, total wreck.
Henry Hodge's old curiosity shop in which were thousands of valuable relics of all kinds, badly damaged and much of contents of building carried away.
Doug Sanders, total.

An item published in the Terre Haute Star stated that the citizens of West York had refused to give shelter to the York sufferers, because there is a spirit of rivalry between the towns. The item is without foundation, and a paper that would publish such without verifying it is either bordering on the sensational or is hard up for news, and to say the least is unreliable. As a matter of fact the citizens of West York, like the surrounding towns, have extended every aid possible, and stand ready and willing to assist in whatever way they can.

The public schools will open next Monday. Every pupil of school age in the district is requested to be present on the opening day and bring the books which were used at the close of the last term and also promotion cards. The school building has been thoroughly cleaned the past week, several repairs made and more are contemplated. ( Picture missing)

School will open Monday with an excellent corps of teachers, being as follows:
Principal, S. D. Burroughs.
Grammar, O. B. Mount.
Second Intermediate, Miss Louise Weger.
First Intermediate, Miss Adda Wilson.
Primary, Miss Merl Cox.

High Price For Hogs
Emerson Watson shipped a car load of hogs yesterday paying 11 cents. This is the highest price known in years. This load almost cleans the country of hogs as all the smaller ones have been shipped out. None of the others will be ready for the market before the first of April. The H. O. (?) of hogs has certainly been a blessing to the farmers in this community.-- Sullivan Union.

Sends Birthday Present
Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Draper, who are spending the winter at Fort Myers, Fla., sent a crate of fresh vegetables, consisting of new potatoes, peas, celerly, onions, lettuce and sweet peppers, to his mother, Mrs. E. A. Higgins, in honor of her 89th birthday, being the 17th of February. Mrs. Higgins, while well advanced in years, is able to be up a good share of the time.

I W. B. Cox, desire at this time to offer a tribute of love and respect to my many dead and living friends of Crawford County. I will not say they are dead, they have gone into another room: in my father's house are many rooms. I hope the readers of this letter will read evey line, for unless you do you may miss some of the best things contained in it. To begin with I was born near Ft. Jackson, near the Embarrass river, and was raised by a man whom many of you know, or know of, Hon. Joseph J. Petrie--the grand and noble man that he was. I have been away from your county for nearly thirty-three years but have visited there frequently in that time. When I come to your county, my first stop is at Hutsonville, the place where I was raised and the place that is saddest to me when I think of those who have gone: Dick Draper, Dick Kennedy, Andrew Cox and Mr. Rogers, and oh! so many more. Then there were grandpa and grandma Holderman, no better ever lived in Hutsonville than they; then again there were Aunt Nancy Hurst and Uncle Jack Hurst, or Grandpa as we used to call him), he was a man who always took time to give you a word of encouragement and for the better things in life if you would accept them. Now to his family circle there was Lush, the dear boy that he was when he was here, and Will and Mrs. McNutt and Mrs. John Olwin, and their children, who seem as dear to me as my own relatives. Now in my mind I am going to take a drive thru the county. First I will go to West York, and my first thought would be of Aunt Bell Kennedy, one of Crawford County's grand women, and my nearest neighbor for seven years. I can see her now on horseback, as she used to ride so much. I pass the Musgraves, Uncle Frank Drapers' and Henry Hollodays, and then I come to one of my friends--the Hon John Bradbury. Next I drive on to Annapolis, past the Bell's, the Buckner's, the Willard's and the Bailey's, and on into Annapolis, around which there are many fond memories. Now I drive on to Porterville, through the Newlin settlement and down Quaker Lane, and mercy! mercy! how many links have been broken in the last thirty-three years--too many to mention--all of who were near and dear friends to me. Next I will drive down the Lamotte Prairie on the old Palestine road, and I pause at the Jim Bradbury farm, where I lived for six years, and right across the fields is my friend Capt. Cauliflower, who was my guide and adviser as a farmer for six years. I will say for Capt. Cauliflower, and his good wife that they allow no one to treat them better than they treat others, and right here, allow me, Captain to wish you and Mrs. Cauliflower a long life and may you die happy. I know there will be many flowers on your graves. Now I go down the road to Palestine,and I look east; many are missing. there was Capt. Dick Stanford, Capt. Sutherland, Zetick Pierce, Andrew Wright, Efe Goodwin and many,many more good neighbors of mine. Going down to a closed day there was Bob Plunkett, George McDowell, Nels and Hol Newlin, Bill Gill and Doc Atwell, and on into Palestine. My first thought on entering Palestine is of Uncle Bill Donald, who lived near the bridge, and Den, his brother. Then I come to Leander Woodworth's, one of my best financial friends; then the Wilson's, the Kitchell's, Martin Woodworth, and my dear friend-John W. Hill- who has trusted me to many a dollar in business. I will also speak of the Haskett boys; and Dr. Steele, and will say I was very sorry to hear of his death, as he will always hold a dear spot in my heart for he has befriended me many times. Next, I will drive down the Vincennes road as far as Uncle Bill Johnson's, one of Crawford County's noted men; my next stop will be at Uncle Henry Fullen's, the good old German that he was; I believe if he were living he would not be "pro German", he would be for America. I am for America, right or wrong, but I believe we are right. Then I come to the Richey boys, and the Foxes, and then two more of your grand men--Logan McGill and Uncle Jim Wesner. Now I will swing into the Wabash, where the willows and sycamores are leaning, and on around by Hiatt's ferry, then to the Vincennes road to Uncle Fred Fullen's and down to Bill Johnson's, and if it is night I would be sure to stop here, as no man ever called on Bill Johnson and was ever turned away. From here I will drive on to Flat Rock and on out to Jack Reavills. I never can forget him as he has accommodated me so many times. Now I will drive thru the Seaney settlement and the Reavill settlement, past Donald Mail's on through the Parker and Crampton settlements, and then up to old Hebron and on out to John Highsmith's, another of my good friends who has helped me many times, and whose memory I shall always hold in high regard. I never want to forget such grand women as Mrs. Highsmith and Mrs. Reavill, at whose homes I have enjoyed such excellent meals, and I never shall forget when I stayed there on cold nights how they always had a warm bed-fellow for me--a good hot iron. Next I pass on through the Ducummon settlement and on into Hardinville, and I recall Dan Miller, when a boy, and the Boguses and the McNece's and many more that I cannot take time to mention. Now I will drive west to Willow Hill around thru Fithian and St. Marie on into Willow Hill, and many are the memories as I drive along. As I go on to Oblong my first thoughts are of the Coopers, my friend John A Merrick, Dr. Edwards, Jerre Reese and Capt. Miller and others. Now as I enter Oblong I see the venerable Judge Odell sitting out in front of his store with his legs crossed, ready to tell you anything you might happen to ask him. Then I look over north and there is one I miss as much as any of the rest, the grand bighearted man, Hiram Larrabee, one who never could say "No" to a friend. Now I drive on to Robinson leaving behind many memories, among them the Muchmores, the Arnolds and Bob Woods. Now I am in Robinson, and my thoughts go back a good ways as I think of that noted man, Judge Sterrit, also Judge Harper, Ranklin C. Robb., Palmer Woodworth, John T. Cox, John Thomas Cox and Jacob Olwin, and more particularly would I mention Judge Will C. Jones, one of my dearest friends, the man I cast my first vote for. He was a most congenial companion. It is true we are apt to say of a man when he is gone that he had many friends, in the case of Judge Jones he had a host of them indeed--men, women and children who went to him for advice and council which they always received. He was a man among a thousand. It is true he may have had more opportunities than some others, and he had a guide and interpreter whom many of you know well today; I will not call him the old man for I believe he is the oldest man in Robinson, although he is as young at heart as a youth, that is your distinguished Bert Callahan. Now to my living friends in Robinson I wish to speak of my friend Bradbury, and George Parker, Mr. Lewis, John Olwin and Bub Newlin, a man who has trust me to many a dollar in business. I wish to speak more especially of Judge Ausby Lowe; I have broken bread with him many times, and whenever I am in Robinson and meet him he has that friendly handshake and pleasant smile and I believe when he dies he will take those cordialities with him. Now to my relatives in Crawford County, they need no recommendation to anyone as they are that of themselves. Uncle Levi McColphin and his children and brother Lou Cox's children. I wish also to mention your wonderful progress in the past 10 or 15 years. I will not be partial for I can remember when Robinson was the third town of the county, but today I believe she is first. Hutsonville and "old flea town" Palestine used to more business than Robinson did; they bought the wheat and pork. True you had Palmer Woodworth in the bank and Hutsonville did not have. I want to say right here I attended five county fairs last fall and I believer Robinson compared favorably with the rest. When you have an association which gives you horses that go 2:11 on a heavy track you must remember every county does not have such races. I noticed that some of your people are like they are here, and say the fai was rotten and there was nothing there. The way to make your faid a good one is to boost it and advertise it. If you have been to the fair and yor neighbor asks you about it, don't say it is no good but say it was fine; that is the way to make a ( line missing). I trust if this little tribute has done you no good, it had done no harm. With best regards to all my friends in Crawford County, I am Yours as ever for life, and that is as strong as any of you can make it.

W.B. Cox - Crawfordsville, Ind.

Decoration Day was appropriately observed Wednesday by exercises at the old cemetery, which were well attended, though many were detained by threatening weather. Excellent music was rendered by a double quartet, and Hon. E. Callahan of Robinson, delivered an address which was greatly appreciated. Mr. Callahan was a resident of Hutsonville at the time when volunteers were called for the civil war and his reminiscences of events of those days were indeed interesting. He also named the veterans who are buried at this place, giving a little history of each comrade. Mr. Callahan has bright hopes of the nation's future, of the honesty and courage of it's citizens and says that though there may not be contests of physical forces demanding our attention, there are industrial and political problems whose solution require our very best efforts. He deplored political chicanery and referred to the primary law recently enacted in this state as an evidence of the people's wishes being throttled, saying, "We asked for bread and they gave us a stone, we asked for an egg and they gave us a scorpion." Though up-ward of 80 years of age Mr. Callahan is yet an able speaker, and his address Wednesday was indeed one of much merit. There are 51 veterans sleeping in the cemeteries here, Captain Smith, J. T. Stark and John M. Barlow having seen service in the Mexican and Indian wars. The last named held a commission as Major in the U. S. army. Thomas Markley, who was captain of the first company that left Hutsonville, is buried in the old cemetery. He was killed at the battle of Belmont, and was the first soldier from Crawford county to die in service. The post at this place is named in his memory. The names of the other soldiers who were buried here follow:

W. G. M. Pierce
Thomas Mise
Charles Evereleth
Vincent Nidey
John Bridwell
Simpson Bridwell
Albert McCoy
John T. Cox
Albert Winters
Hadley McCain
A. B. McElwain
George Jenkins
John Boes
Wm. Handley
Hiram Burris
Wm. Huff
John Franklin
Jess Whitaker
Randolph Burks
Samuel Watson
Isaac N. Lowe
R. W. Belknap
Peter Rutledge
Wm. Rutledge
Green Bicknell
Jacob Switzer
Thomas Pride
Elijah Daffron
Capt. J. H. Hussong
Charles Willard
Thomas Anderson
Thomas Garrard
R. W. Canaday
Posey Rush
Andy Jones
George Melvin
Mr. Vanfleek
Henry Lake
John Melton
Emanuel Furry
J. M. McNutt
Wm. McCoy
Samuel Anderson
Abner McCarty
Joseph Brubaker

FIFTEEN YEARS AGO (no date given)
A son was born to Mr. and Mrs.D. D. Bishop on the 11th.

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Anderson observed their silver wedding anniversary.

Two new boats were placed in service on the Wabash, the Cumberland and Peankishaw.

W. L. Draper writing from New Orleans says a snow fell there, being the first in fifteen years.

The stock law and its enforcement was causing no little discussion, and there were some who doubted the validity of the law and allowed their stock to run at large.

Experiments with Herford cattle at the Parker stock farm were conducted and one steer was made to gain 4 1/2 pounds a day, weighing 1120 pounds when eleven months old.

Shocked by Lightning
Lighning struck a tree at the home of Mr. and Mrs.Samuel Lindley west of town early Tuesday morning,and bolt jumped to the house, entering through the side and tearing off some plaster and splintering a door jamb. Mrs. Lindey was sitting in a chair in an adjoining room and was severely shocked, being unconscious for ten or fifteen minutes. Mr. Lindley was in bed with in a few feet of where the lightning entered the room, but was uninjured. Fortunately the residence was not set on fire and damage was not extensive.

Noble Crocker, age 23, son of Isaac Crocker residing west of town and Miss Esther Cleadith Phillipe, age 19, of Flat Rock, went to Robinson Wednesday, and interviewed the county clerk for the purpose of securing the neccessary papers which is required to unite them as man and wife. Both of the contracting parties are well respected and have a host of friends who wish them a happy and successful voyage on the matrimonial sea. (1924?)

27 YEARS AGO (no date given)
Items Of Interest Gleaned From Our Files

A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. A Baber on Oct. 14th.

Mrs Martha Rush passed away at her home here on Sunday, Oct. 16 aged 68 years.

John U. Nidey dropped dead on Oct. 8th while attending a Republican rally at Marshall.

Homer Bollinger was gored by a buck deer on Oct. 8th while cleaning the park north of town belonging to Dr. J. Golden.

Frank Irwin and Miss Mary Goben were married at Terre Haute on Oct. 12.

H. M. Odell and Miss Rebecca Ayers were united in marriage on Sunday Oct. 23.

A birthday dinner was given Ruth Green last Sunday at the home of her son, Joseph near Robinson, in honor of her 82nd birthday. About 62 of her relatives were present and all enjoyed the day with her.

Celebrates 85th Birthday
In honor of the eighty-fifth birthday of Rev. John Cox, a number of friends and relatives met at his home yesterday and spent the day with him and his family. A sumptuous dinner was spread at the noon hour and the day was greatly enjoyed by all. Those present were Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Everingham, Mr.and Mrs. J. C. Rains, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Vooreis, Mrs. Ed Lindley, Mrs. A. Layton, Mrs. Alice Guyer, Mrs. Edith Heber, J. L. Cox, Morton Cox, Eunice Cox and Florence Stiles. ( hand written 1925?)

Mr. and Mrs John L. Cox celebrated their 40th wedding anniversary Thanksgiving at their home 3 1/2 miles north west of Hutsonville. Those presant were Mr. and Mrs. Allen Body and children of Watseka, Mrs. E. N. Cox and daughters of Hoopeston, Mrs. Fannie Price of Vincennes, Ind., Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Everingham, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Baker, Mrs. Eliza Voorheis, Mrs. Mary Rains and Mrs. Maria Stiles. Asumptuous dinner was served which all enjoyed thoroughly and the after noon was spent in social conversation.

Body and Cox Nuptials
At the home of the bride's parents Rev. and Mrs. J. L. Cox, occurred Friday evening at 6:30 o'clock, the marriage of their daughter, Alma, to Allen Body of Woodland, Illinois., Rev. Tedford officiating.

Mr. Body is an industrious farmer residing near Woodland, and Miss Cox a highly respected lady of near Hutsonville, who has a host of friends and relatives that wish the young couple success and happiness through life.

Miss Edna Bell, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H.C.Bell, who is well known in this community was married Saturday at Paris to Gordon Brooks of Atlanta, Ill. They came to West York on the evening train where her parents are visiting, and left that night for a visit in Chicago. They will reside at Atlanta. Mr. Brooks is a graduate of the Rose Polytecnic Institute at Terre Haute and is a large land owner in Logan county and also in western Nebraska.

The wedding of Dr. Roscoe C. Bell of Mt. Carmel and Miss Adeline Elkin of Springfield, has been announced to occur Thursday evening, Feb. 9th. Mr. Bell is a son of H. C. Bell and Miss Elkin is a teacher in the schools of Dubois County.

Mrs. Gordon Brooks of Atlanta, IL. who has been the guest of her brother Dr. R. C. Bell at Mt. Carmel, stopped off here to visit her grandmother, Aunt Sarah Bell, Friday evening enroute home.

At the home of Nathan Muusgrave an excellent dinner was served and an enjoyable day spent Sunday in honor of Mr. Musgrave's 29th birthday. Those present were the families of K. M. Cox, Mame Prevo, Isabel Kennedy, C. H. Musgrave, Alonzo Draper, Mr. and Mrs. Fulton, Mr. and Mrs. Norfolk, Dr. and Mrs. Voorheis, Mr and Mrs. Mahlon Musgrave, Mr. and Mrs Walker Martin, Uncle Wm. Musgrave, Mrs. Carrie Crouch and Aunt Metta Draper, Misses May and Ruth Pifer, and Estella Cox, Messrs. Harry Fulton, Ira and Arthur Pifer and Will Voorheis.

Wedding Notes
Invitations, are out announcing the marriage of Russell Hodge of Marshall to Miss Clara Olwin at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Olwin, in Robinson next Wednesday evening at 8 0'clock.

Birthday Dinner
A pleasant birthday dinner was given Mrs. Sarah McNutt at her home here Sunday; in honor her 72nd anniversary. Out of town guests were; Mr. and Mrs. John Olwin and Charles Olwin, B. G. Olwin, Dr. F. B. Olwin, and their families, L. G. Palmer and family A. L. Lowe, all of Robinson.

John Olwin
John Olwin of Robinson, made the Herald a social call yesterday. Mr. Olwin was formerly engaged in business here, moving to Robinson in 1883. He is in his 75th year, but looks ten years younger and is enjoying good health. (1913 hand written)

Wm. P. Musgrave Writes Interesting Sketch
I was born in 1828 on the farm now owned and occupied by Wm. Rains, two miles north west of Hutsonville. My parents, Nathan and Mary (Cox) Musgrave, having settled here in 1818, my father was born in North Carolina in 1796 while Washington was president. They came with a company who had planned to brave the hardships of travel by ox carts, on horseback and on foot to plant a colony in this new and unbroken territory of Illinois. While they were hunting for a more fertile land, which was than principally government land and could be had for almost nothing, one object was to get away from the states of slavery. At this time there was a growing sentiment against slave holding, especially among friends (or Quakers) of which my father was a member. He brought with him a colored man to whom he had fallen heir and gave him his liberty. My first schooling was at a log school house, a little south and east of the present home of Cyrus Lindley. This was the only school house at this time in this part of the county. The house was warmed by a large fireplace and the one window was an opening made by removing a log from one side and covering the space with greased paper. The backless benches were hewn slabs of timber. There was a long shelf below the window to write on. Allen Sackrider was my first teacher. He taught us reading and arithmetic, made goose quill pens for us and he showed me how to make clay marbles and burn them in a fireplace. The first meeting house in this section of the country was a log house built by Friends just south of the turn in the road between Lawrence Newlin's and his daughter, Gladys' home. We often had "silent meetings." This was a branch church of Honey Creek monthly meeting, south of Terre Haute. The homes for the most part were as poorly furnished as the school houses. Much if not all the furniture was hand made as well as our clothing, etc.

"General" Stark, south of Hutsonville, made wool or fur hats for men who could afford them. We made our own straw hats by brading rye straw and sewing together.

Exum Draper (father of the late Wm. Draper) who lived on the land of my son, Nathan's, present home, was the principal shoemaker. John Reynolds, father of the late Enos Reynolds, having residence and shop just north of Chas. Musgrave's present home, and made most all of the tools, farming implements, wagons, etc. for all the people the country over. At one time he had six forges in his large shop and employed several men. He used a trip hammer that was run by oxen, the sound of which could be heard several miles away.The mail route by which we were served was from Vincennes to Paris. The mail was carried on horseback.York being the station where the carrier stayed over night and changed horses. When about 14 years old I went on horseback to Vincennes in company with the mail carrier. I remember that there was but one post office between Palestine and that place. My father sent me then to bring home my brother, John, who had started with a flatboat of hay to New Orleans but was compelled to tie at Vincennes on account of the floating ice.

When I was 17 years old I, with others, made a trip to Chicago with a wagon load of wool and dried apples, which I exchanged for dry goods and two barrels of salt. Chicago was then a growing city, but there were no railroads or street cars.

At age of 20 I went on horseback to Dayton, Ohio, to yearly meeting of Friends. I stayed one night at Indianapolis. I put up at a hotel and the fair for myself and horse, including lodging, supper and breakfast was one dollar.

In early times we had to work hard for a living but there was plenty of time sociability. There were log rollings, house and barn raisings, quiltings apple cuttings, etc. One night a party of young people met at the home of Mahlon Voorheis (Henry Voorheis' ) father to have a spelling school. About midnight we were all envited into the kitchen to a nice warm supper. I especially remember the hot biscuits baked by the fireplace. Aunt Eliza, Mahlon's wife, was one of the best of cooks.

My first travel by railroad was from Vencennes to Salem Ind. The engines and cars and cars were small compared to those of today. The rails were made by laying timbers lengthwise on the ties and capping them with strips of iron or steel, similar to wagon tires but thicker. Wood was used for fuel and some of the passengers paid their fares by helping load on wood.

My first remembrance of Hutsonville was when, as a rmall boy, Iused to visit my uncle, William Cox,who lived there. He built a small store and brought on the first stock of goods ever offered for sale in that place. His store was on the river bank east of Newlin's present store. His home, a log house, was about where Elizabeth Higgins' home now stands. A few years later my father and William Hurst, brother of the late John R. Hurst, built quite a large storehouse near the site of Cox's storeand also a meat packing house where pork was cured and sent to New Orleans by boat. General stores at that time were much different from those of the present time. There were no ready made shoes, hats, clothing, no coal oil as candles were used and no fruit jars, as we had only dried fruit by then. They kept factory unbleached muslin, a little calico, sometimes jeans, but jeans was mostly woven by looms in the homes. Orleans sugar and molasses, sorghum cane was not then grown here, candles, bags of green coffee, rice, etc.

My first adventure in the mercantile business in Hutsonville was with Dr. Stephen Meserve in a small drug store. In 1860 I formed a partnership with my brother-in-law, Wm. Coffin, and put in a general store. Coffin was soon succeeded by my sister's husband, Dr.Thos. Kennedy who was with me about a year or so when John R. Hurst became a partner. I sold my interest to Isaac Lowe, and Hurst with Lowe and afterward with John Olwin continued the business until his (Hurst's) death 1886, when his sons, W. B. and L. C. Hurst became proprietors and have carried on the business at the same place up to present time.In 1866 I bought a farm three miles northwest of town and was engaged in farming and fruit culture for the next 13 years when I sold out to Edward Rains and moved to Coloma Ind. I conducted a small store there for four years when I again sold out and returned to this neighborhood where I have since lived. In my lifetime of almost 85 years I have witnessed wonderful changes. Land for which I paid $5 an acre is now worth $125. Scarcely a half dozen of my boyhood friends are now living. Many of my own loved ones have passed over. I have sorrows and losses yet I find this a good world to live in. I have not always made a success financially, but I am glad to say I have been able to pay all my debts. If I owe any one a cent, I do not know it. I am thankful too, to have been blessed with health and to have provided always with a comfortable living.

Wm.P. Musgrave.

Apple 40 Years Old
Mrs. Stanton Cox of Robinson, who is spending a week with relatives here, was a pleasant caller at the Herald office Tuesday morning. She had with her an apple forty years old and a petrified mud pie fifteen years old. She gave us the following brief history of the two articles:

The apple was one of a collection her 4-year-old brother, Mahlon Musgrave, sent her when she was away at school. This one was seemingly sunburnt and had turned dark and she being touched by the artlessness and love of the little one, and as it was solid kept it carefully wrapped perhaps two or three years. She then took it to a jeweler who mounted it on a small pedestal and sealed it in a wine glass using a watch crystal as a cover which may account for its long preservation, and though it came unsealed years ago it still remains firm and retains slightly the apple odor.

As to the 14 to 15-year-old "mud pie" she found it sundried in her young daughter's playhouse about the year 1902, and now has it to show to that daughter's three little ones.

Miscellaneous Notes (no date given)
Mr. Charles Prevo and Miss Mary E. Musgrave were united in marriage on Wednesday evening at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Musgrave, two miles north of town, the Rev. Murken performing the ceremony. The guests were confined to relatives and a few intimate friends, who bestowed upon the young couple numerous useful presents.

Mrs. Catherine Pickett returned to her home in Kokomo and Mrs Maude Nelson to Indianapolis last Fri.

Miss Alice Musgrave is with her sister, Mrs Mame Minor, at Mt. Vernon and will attend school there this year.

Oscar Ormiston, Ross Rains, Mame Prevo and Estella Musgrave are attending Institute at Robinson this week.

George Evans, wife and little son, of Krum, Texas, are visiting the families of J. C. Rains and Ellen Rains this week.

Master Harry Prevo accompanied his aunt, Mrs. Izora Cox, to her home at Coloma, Ind., Thursday of last week for a short visit.

OAK GROVE circa 1901 Aug. (?)
A much needed rain fell Monday morning.

Ed Lindley and family visited with Clint Newlin Sunday.

James Ivy is moving his famly into one of N. O. Rains' houses.

Mrs. Sarah Lindley spent Wednesday with her niece, Mrs. J. C. Rains.

Quite a number of the young people attended the picnic at Big Springs last Thursday.

Mrs. Ellen Baker and Mellissa Rains visited with Lena and Ormiston Tuesday afternoon.

Elder Boyd and H. B. Holmes are making an effort to secure a singing class at Oak Grove.

Thomas Evans came down from Paris Sunday on the excursion and spent the day with relatives.

Mrs. Julia Zehring, accompanied by her nieces, Misses Faye and Zora Hager, visited with the family of J. N. Baker Sunday.

Mrs. Florence Padget and children and Mrs. Rebecca Howerton and children spent Tuesday night with the latter's mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Dix.

Mesdames Elizabeth Dix, Mary Boyd and Harriet Lindley and Misses Flora Chambers. Mary Dix, Esther and Edna Everingham and Lizzie Howerton visited Mrs. E.H. Boyd Tuesday.

At the insistence of Elmer B. James of Champaign, a stock holder, Judge Debaum of the Circuit Court appointed Dan O. Gettinger of Turman Township as receiver. This action was taken at the request of the board of trustees of Union Christian College at Merom. His bond approved by the court, he will at once begin the liquidation of the affairs of that corporation. The College in question was organized in 1859 and was in operation until 1923. For a number of years Merom college had a prominent place in educational affairs but owing to its unfortunate situation as to transportation and the rapid growth of state institutions the College lost ground until in 1923 it could longer function.

Mrs. Samuel Green is fast improving.

Allen Green's little son, Oscar is improving slowly.

Mrs. Eliza Voorheis is able to be up a portion of the time.

Ed Baker of Robinson was in our vicinity on Sunday evening.

Mrs. Emily Cox is improving slowly from her seige of sickness.

Miss Gertie Cox is staying with Mrs. Henry Voorheis at present.

Ed Lindley and family were the guests of Allen Green and family on Sunday.

G. B. Everingham, our worthy supervisor, was called to Robinson Monday.

Samuel Lacey of Hutsonville was the guest of Elder J. L.Cox on Sunday night.

Clinton Newlin and Miss Emily Rains were callers in West York Sunday afternoon.

Elder J. L. Cox and wife were the guests of Henry Voorheis and family on Sunday afternoon.

Uncle Alfred Dix is very feeble at present, he being confined to his bed a portion of the time.

Wm. Kopta is employed for the summer by John C. Rains and Wm. Lindley by Ed Lindley.

Roscoe Reynolds was the guest of his grandparents, Uncle Alfred Dix and wife, on Saturday night.

The Christian Endeavor at the Friend's Church on Sunday evening was led by Miss Ada Buckman. Topic for discussion being "From What does Christ Save Men?" Titus 3: 1-7

Wm. Kessler and wife of Bloomington, Indiana, were the guests of Nestus Rains and family the first of the present week. Mr. K. is a half brother of Mrs. Rains.

Aunt Bettie Dix, accompanied by her husband, spent her 68th birthday with the family of G. B. Everingham on last Sunday. We wish her many more such pleasant occasions.

"Mart" Bowers is very poorly at present. He anticipated moving to his farm in Clark County the fore part of the present month, but in all probability will be compelled to abandon it for an indefinite period of time..

Rev. Ira Tedford and wife, who have been the guests of the family of G. B. Everingham for the last three (?) delivered a sermon in the Baptist church at Robinson on Sunday. It is ---he will assist the pastor.

Lena Ormiston Baber who died on Oct.3, 1916 held a certificate in the Court of Honor for $2,000. the completed claim proofs were received by the society on October 23, 1916. A warrant for $2,000 was forwarded by the Society to Recorder Oct. 27, 1916 in full payment of the claim.

At the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Ormiston, four miles north of Hutsonville, Tuesday evening occured the wedding of their daughter, Lena, to B. E. Baker. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Orrin Evans of Monmouth. (no date given)

Club Members Take Trip
Several members of the Domestic Science Club went to Dudley yesterday and held there meeting with Lena Baber, formerly Lena Ormiston. Those whom we learned of attending were Mesdames Clara Boyd, Nelle McNutt, Lettie Musgrave, Maggie Musgrave, Julia Musgrave, Harriet Rains, Zora Rains, Bessie Carlisle, Minnie Cox, Mary T. Trimble, Vashti Cox and Miss Ollie Lindley. They returned on the evening train.

When A Piano Was A Wonder
Mrs. Carrie Mikeworth returns today to her home in Indianapolis, following a visit here with friends. She is better known here as Mrs. l. Wilhite and resided at Hutsonville until the 80's. She is 82 years of age, and being born at York has witnessed a wonderful change in the development of this community. In her girlhood days, York was the principal town between Terre Haute and Vincennes and one of the boasts of the town was that the only piano for a radius of forty miles was owned there. Mrs. Mikeworth relates some interesting events which occurred in those days, when there was more of a common interest, and the gatherings of young people were occasions of real enjoyment.

Annual Affair Surpasses All Previous Attempts in Many Ways

The Hutsonville High School Alumni entertained the member of the senior class and faculty Monday evening with a bountifully appointed banquet at the school building.

The snow-white tables, lighted with wax tapers made a pleasing contrast to the pretty design of red roses and myrtle. Pink rosebuds were given as favors.

A delicious menu was served by the ladies of the M.E. Church at 8:20. It consisted of:
Grape Fruit Coctail
Creamed Chicken in Patties
Mashed Potatoes
Hot rolls
Butter molds
Lemon Ice
Combination Salad
Wafers with Neuchatel Cheese
Angel Food Brick Ice Cream
Coffee Mints

Frank Kopta was toastmaster and the program of toasts was:
Welcome Address..............Arthur Winters
Response...........................Harry Prevo
The Alumni.........................H. M. Thrasher
We will miss you seniors ....Miss Edna Kirk
The Future..........................Miss Lena Myers
Loyalty...............................Arthur Everingham

The guests then repaired to the assembly room where and excellent program was rendered by members of the alumni. After the class had been duly initiated and elected as members, the following officers were chosen for the ensuing year: Pres., Cecil Cox; vice president, Randal Lindley; Sec'r, Florence Musgrave: Treas. Leo Newlin; Keeper of the goat, Ralph Musgraave.

Those present were:
Guy Musgrave Maude Musgrave
Arthur Winters Bessie Rains
Ruth Irwin Hazelle Holderman
Virgie Adams Beulah Holderman
Nole Woolverton Randall Lindley
Nelle McNutt Nelle Condo
Minn Canaday Charles Layton
Edith Lindley Leo Newlin
Maude Black Ziliah Newlin
Alma Walker Horace Walker
Alice Rains Clede Hash
Hallie Hash Gladys Musgrave
Forest Tohill Straud Hurst
Anderson Condo Ansel Atwood
Cecil Cox Maude Cox
Ruby Atwood Vera Newlin
Mattie St. Clair Glayds Hamilton
Jessie Weller Atwood Bowles
Glen Pleasant Ethel Hall
Elsie Rains Noble King
L.C. Rains Paula Shore
Floy Shields Margaret Boyd
Ed Boyd Lizzie Draper
Sam Newlin Ruth Newlin
Rex Boyll Lyman Lindley
A. R. Wilson Eunice Cox
Morton Cox Ernest Newlin
Ray Hand Edith Newlin
Ruth Woolverton Arthur Everingham
R. L. Heber Edna Heber
Frank Kopta Rose Kopta
Will Musgrave Nina Musgrave
Ralph Musgrave Florence Musgrave
Homer Bower Elizabeth Branham
Allen Ring Stella Richards
Harry Prevo Ruth Moorhead
Henry Rains Minnie Baber
Harvey King Anna Tedford
Raymond Steele
Mr. and Mrs. H. M. Thrasher
Miss Lena Myers Miss Edna Kirk

The population of Illinois has had an average increase of 800,000 per decade since 1880.

The largest alarm clock factory in the world is at La Salle, Illinois. It has a daily capacity of 26, 000 clocks and watches.

Raw materials in greater quantities are consumed in manufacturing in Cook county, Illinois, than in any other county in the United States.

Known as the greatest apple growing county in the "Middle West." Calhoun County, Illinois, marketed 639,969 barrels of apples in 1930, setting a new high record.

There are 1,127 incorporated cities, town and villages in Illinois. Thirty- eight were incorporated since the 1920 census ( Hand written 1931)

Local Markets
Wheat, 57 cents per bushel.
Corn, 20 cents per bushel.
Oats, 15 cents per bushel.
Potatoes, 60-75 cents per bushel.
Hogs, 3 and 3 1/4 per pound.
Eggs, 15 per dozen.
Butter, 15 cents per pound.
Apples, 25 cents per bushel.

Dr. C. H. Voorheis attended the annual meeting of the Wabash Valley Aesculaplan society held at Paris yesterday.

Richard Murphy had two of the fingers of his left hand almost sawed off Tuesday morning while tending the "cut off" saw at the stave factory. Dr. Voorheis dressed the wounds, and says by proper care the fingers may heal together and be of some service in the future.

T. M. Lindley and wife have gone to housekeeping in the dwelling recently vacated by J. M. Voorheis just west of town, Mr. Voorheis just west of town, Mr. Voorheis moving into his new house. Tommy started out right by ordering The Herald to keep him posted of local happenings ....(1896 hand written).

In Crawford County in 1825 Northwest of Hutsonville

Following is a copy of the petition for the first School District in Crawford County. A copy of the original petition was handed us by Allen Boyd who states that part of the district was on the land owned by him and that the whole district contained about ten square miles.

The petition was filed at the Land office at Palestine and the copy indicates "filing charges, 15c." The copy written in ink, is in fine condition.

On petition of sundry inhabitants of this County, praying for a School District, to be laid off as follows, towit; Commencing at the North West corner of fraction 4 town 8 North, Range 12 west thence South West on the boundary line to the center of section 28, thence dividing Sections 28, 27 and 26, thence North on the Section line between Sections 26 and 25, thence due North on said line to the North corner of Section 11 in Town 8 R. Range 12 W, thence west two miles, thence North one mile, thence West to the beginning and on examination the Court finds that said petition is presented agreeably to an act in such case made and provided as approval January 15th, 1825. It is therefore considered by the Court that same be granted, and designated by the 1st School District in this County.

State of Illinois
Crawford County

I, Edward H. Piper clerk of the County Comissioner's Court of Crawford County aforesaid, do hereby certify the above to be a true copy from the Records of said Court. In testimony whereof, I have herewith set my hand and affixed the seal of said Court, this 8th day of December A.D. 1825.

Edward H. Piper, Clerk

Crawford county is on the drought relief list. The national drouth relief committee has anounced a list of counties eligible to drought relief fund which provides a loan of $45,000,000. These loans will be made through special loan offices at Grand Fork, N. D., St. Louis, Mo., Memphis, Tenn., and Washington, D.C. These loans will be made for purchase of seed, fertilizer, feed for work stock, and fuel and oil for tractors used in producing crops. Loans in Illinois territory will be made from St. Louis, MO. (Hand written 1931)

Miss Clara Moore, daughter of Mrs. Martha Moore of near Porterville, and Harrry wilson, son of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Wilson of this place were united in marriage of Marshall on Wednesday of last week.

The bride is a young lady who has a host of friends who held her in high esteem. She had been staying with Mrs. Harriet Lindley, northwest of town for the past eighteen years. The groom in an industrious young man and commands the respect of all.

The newlyweds have gone to housekeeping on the Mehler farm south of town. The Herald joins their many friends in extending them hearty congratulations.

News Bits and Pieces
Ashley Holaday and Miss Iva Warren of West York were married at Robinson. They are highly respected young people and have many friends who extend well wishes. Following a trip to Chicago they will make their home at West York. (1913 hand written)

An effort is being made to secure a pension for Mrs. Voght, who has long been an inmate at the county farm. Her husband left her several years ago, going to Arkansas and Mrs. Voght, who was not strong mentally has since been care for by the county. She is quite aged and feeble and it is to be hoped that a pension will be granted and her remaiining years made more cheerful and happy.

James Voght of Missouri came to visit his mother at the County farm

Mrs. Sarah Smith of Newton, familiarly known as "Aunty Beers" visited relatives here, it being her first visit for seventeen years. (hand written 1892)

There was a family dinner given at Fred Ormiston's Sunday in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Woods of Louisville, who leave soon for their new home at Thasher, Kansas. There were about fifty relatives and friends present. It is needless to say an enjoyable time was had by all.

Jay Harrington of Oliver, visited friends here Sunday.

Miss Norma Bell went to Paris Sunday to visited her brother, R.L. Bell, and family.

Marriage Permits
Harry E. Ormiston 18, Porterville and Glenora McCrory, 18, same, Walter E. Ormiston gave consent to his son's marriage.

At the home of the bride's parents Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Emmons, in Indianapolis, Wednesday occurred the marriage of their daughter Irene to Oscar Ormiston. The groom is a son of Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Ormiston residing northwest of town, and resided here until two years ago when he went to California. Miss Emmons is also well known here, having formerly resided in Robinson and taught in this county for several years. Both have many friends here who wish them much happiness and properity. They left immediately following the ceremony for their home in Riverside,California (Hand written 1909)

Popular Local Girl Married Tuesday
The wedding of Miss Mary Musgrave and Stanley Palmer, which occured Tuesday morning was one of the prettiest nuptial events of the season. The impressive ring ceremomy was used with Rev. Myers of the Friends Church officiating. Ferns and baskets of golden rod, astors and baby breath decorated the lawn, where the vow were taken, Miss Grace Musgrave, cousin of the bride was maid of honor, and Roy Palmer, a brother of the groom acted as best man. The bride was charmingly dressed in a pale green chiffon. Following the ceremony a wedding breakfast was served. The bride is the youngest daughter of Mrs. Olive Musgrave of Hutsonville. She has many friends here who join in wishing her happiness. The young couple left immediately for El Paso, Texas where they will spend their honeymoon. They will be at home after Sept.1st, at Tucson, Arizona.

The out of town guests were Mr. and Mrs. Roy Palmer, Mr. and. Mrs. Anthony Matre of Cincinnati, Ohio. Mr and Mrs. Ralph Prevo. Mr. Gardner Gaultney of Marshall and Mrs. Mayme Preva and son Stanley of Palestine.

35 Years Ago
N. A. Musgrave, one of the most prosperous young farmers of this township, was united in marriage last evening to Miss Olive Davis at the the home of the bride's grandmother, Mrs. Jane S, Mulvaine, near Palestine. The contracting parties have a host of friends who join with The Herald in wishing them much future joy and happiness. An infair dinner will be tendered the newly wedded couple today by the groom's parents, Mr. and Mrs. W.P. Musgrave, to which many relatives have been invited.

Birthday Dinner
A birthday dinner was given by Mr. and Mrs.N. A. Musgrave yesterday in honor of their aunt, Mrs.Louise Orcutt, it being her 78th birthday. There were present Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Voorbois, Mrs. Sally Ann Seigel, Mrs. Isabel Kennedy. Mrs. Jane Little of Palestine, and Mrs. Lucretia Evans of West York. An excellent dinner was served and the afternoon was spent in interesting conversation regarding events which happened years before most of us were born.

Musgrave Cemetery
One of the most noticeable improvements in this vicinity is the Musgrave Cemetery northwest of town. All parties that are interested have placed it in the hands of a committee, who have employed the necessary labor to have the same cleaned up and the surface leveled and put in a condition to be easly gone over with a lawn mower. They have purchased two lawn mowers for use at the cemetery and made arrangements to have it mowed as often as necessary. The result is that this sacred is as neat and clean and beautifull as a city park and all this is done by the payment of one dollar per year by all parties interested. This is certainly a move in the right direction and the result very gratifying to all whose friends rest within its gates.

Aged Ladies Are Honored On Birthdays
Mrs. Elizabeth Higgins, one of Hutsonville's oldest residents was entertained Monday, Feb. 17 by a surprise birthday dinner, it being her ninetieth anniversary. A number of her old friends gathered at her home with well filled baskets, to help her celebrate the memorial event. Those present were: Mesdames S. E. McNutt, J. L. Musgrave, Joseph Kopta, B. Rogers, Alzina Foster, Celestia Cox, K. M. Cox, C. H. Voorheis, M. E. Hurst, Julia Smith, Frank Boyd, Ed Rains, Caroline Crouch, Edith Crouch, Sam Ayers and Rev. and Mrs. H. B. Shoaff, Mrs. Higgins needs no introduction to this community, being born at York and having resided at Hutsonville ever since her marriage to W. L. Draper, with the exception of a few years at which time they resided at Terre Haute, Ind. Mrs. Higgins home has been the scene of many happy gatherings of her friends in this community.

Altho taken wholly by surprise she played the hostess in her usual charming manner. The table was spread in the large dining room, where the well filled baskets were unloaded and a sumptuous dinner was enjoyed by all. After which the party retired to the large parlor, and the afternoon was spent in visiting. At the departure the guests wished Mrs. Higgins might live to see many more birthdays.

Lincoln Memorial Address Delivered in 1918 by E. Callahan
The following, which was taken from the Robinson Constitution of Feb. the 20, 1918, is part of the Lincoln Memorial address which was delivered by the Hon. E. Callahan at the M. E. Church at Robinson on Tuesday evening, Feb. 12th.

It tells definitely the route taken by the Lincoln party from Indiana to Sangamon County, Illinois. ---- Editor,s Note.

My Fellow Citizens:
From early manhood to mature old age I have been a citizen of Crawford county. I have mingled in its business and shared in its prosperity. I am always pleased to meet my fellow citizens in private life or public assembly. That pleasure is intensified this evening when I am privilleged to preside at a meeting assembled to do honor to the name and memory of a great citizen of the state, and of the nation, whose fame has reached the farthest outposts of civilization thruout the world -- Abraham Lincoln.

One hundred and nine years ago, in a Kentucky cabin, Abraham Lincoln was born of good, clean, healthy pioneer stock. The first seven years of his life passed in Kentucky. The succeeding fourteen years was hard and rough pioneer life in the hills of southern Indiana, where the malaria laden air and the burden and privations incident to pioneer life carried away many victims. Among those who fell was Nancy Hanks Lincoln, the mother of Abraham.

In the spring of 1830 the Lincoln family emigrated to Illinois. On an April day in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty, when Illinois was but eleven years and four months old, the Lincoln outfit consisting of one large wagon with a muslin cover drawn by two yoke of oxen, a dog, a cow and thirteen people came into the village from the south. The wagon was loaded with the household goods of three families. Thomas Lincoln, Dennis Hanks and Levi Hall. Hanks and Hall had married stepdaughters of Lincoln. The driver of the oxen team was a young man of twenty-one six feet and four inches tall, broad shouldered, long armed and rough featured.

A strolling juggler was amusing a crowd in the street with deceptive tricks. The ox driver saw the juggler and became so interested in his performance that he gave his cattle a rest, while he looked on, enjoyed the fun and gathered a lesson from this unwritten chapter of human life. In his years he was wont to speak of this incident, and the fact that he did speak of it identified the route traveled by the Lincoln family when it came to Illinois.

The journey of the movers was was but half accomplished. Their goal was the rich bottom lands of the Sangamon river near Springfield, Illinois. The movers continued their journey northward along the Vincennes and Chicago road through Lamotte Prairie and the villages of Hutsonville and York. This old road was located about one hundred years ago, when but few farms were fenced; was located without regard to sections or other lines. It has been changed in many places by being moved to the outer lines of the farms. South of Hutsonville there are remains a section of the road that is now located and traveled on the identical route where located and traveled in the year 1830. The trees still standing on either side are witnesses to the fact. I seldom pass over it without a recurrence of the thought, that at one time the yet undeveloped great man of our country and of the world in humble, honest guise passed this way.

At the end of a fortnight the movers arrived at the banks of the Sangamon west of Decatur. A cabin of round logs was hastly built--rails were split and field fenced, plowed and planted. Pioneer life with all its hardships, privations and wants was taken up in dead earnest and lived for a year, the ox driver bearing a full share of its weight and bitterness. He was a carpenter, rail splitter, plowman and wage earner for the family.

In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty the ox driver, who came into our view at Palestine; the cabin builder and rail splitter of the Sangamon; flat boatman; storekeeper and village post-master; soldier of the Black Hawk war; lawyer and politician was elected President of the United States. From that time to the time of his tragic death, his history is known to the world. The records of his great acts as the chief executive of the nation and commander in chief of the army and navy ineffacibly written in the temple of earthly fame, and may be read in every language known to the human tongue.

For convincing evidence of the remarkable progress in agricultural machinery and farm equipment during the last three quarters of a century, we should mark as "Exhibit A" a historic bar plow on display at the L. C. Rains hardware store.

This antiquated tool is 75 years old. Every part of the plow was made by Dr. Hill, the "village blacksmith" of yesteryear. The shear and moleboard are hammered out of a single piece of steel, and to be sharpened it is necessary to remove the entire part.

It is well worth an excursion into the Rains Store to note the striking contrast of this ancient plow to the modern implements exhibited there. The old plow was last used by the late John L. Cox and was sold the other day in the farm sale by his administrator. Property Sold
Mrs. Carrie Mikeworth sold her residence property to Richard Osborn for $600.

Former Resident Visits
W. H. Dawson of Minneapolis, chief inspector for the Modern Woodmen of America, visited the camp at Trimble Saturday night and at Hutsonville Tuesday evening. Mr. Dawson was born near West York, leaving there thirty-seven years ago. He has been in the employment of the Woodmen for twenty-five years and was a charter member of one of the first camps.

Found Thousand Dollar Pearl
The Wabash is still yielding treasures for the mussel diggers, the best pearl ever taken from the river being by Abe Babers of Hutsonville Saturday who disposed of the piece to S. K. Wallis for $1,000. It has the form of a bird egg, is perfect in luster and appearance and is said to be the prettiest pearl which has been found. Abe's friends are glad to learn of his good fortune.

Writes of His Visit
The readers of this little article or reminiscence of bygone days upon banks of the Wabish, will please pardon me for calling up serious or solemn reflections in alluding to my recent short and flying visit to my old homes at Hutsonville and Robinson, when I say that I feel like my visit was to the regions of the dead rather than to the land of the living. After an absence of half century I find that Father Time with his relentless hand has garnered in as sheaves from his great harvest field all my old contemporaries who were men and women fifty years ago A few of the large army whom I once knew as children snd young folks with blanched hair and unfamiliar faces, only, were left to greet me. The town, too, its river front, its business and other building that I used to know, have all vanished away with the people and a succeeding generation on deck and at the helm of the great ship now sailing upon the broad sea of business and social life. But this is all right and perfectly in accord with the decree and course of nature and must be accepted and expected you know, by me, who has passed the age limit and lived out his allotted three score years and ten and a man or woman who thus pursueth the journey of life to its legitimate end, will find him or herself largely left or deserted by friends and acquaintances. I find that to be the case with me here in Terre Haute, where I have lived ever since the war. I do not know one-tenth as many people here now, as I did forty years ago. I then knew or could call by name, the great majority or those whom I met, but now can ride in a car from the bridge to Highland Lawn and back again, or all over town, without seeing a face whose name I can call. Still I cannot realize that I will soon be 74 years old. I came to Hutsonville to stay in the month of May, 1856, now going on 58 years ago, a bare foot boy with all my worldly goods tied up in a bandana handkerchief, to serve and apprenticeship of 4 years in the blacksmith shop of Holden and McGrath located on the Robinson road in the southwest part of the town. On our visit there recently we rode out that way to see the old house where I then lived and the old shop wherein I pulled the bellows pole and swung the the sledge and met only with disappointment. Not a landmark or a trace of anything remaining to greet my eye. A cabbage patch and garden covers the old spot where I expected to see the old up and down board shop just as it still lives in memory yet. Like the "poor Indian" who once said," the white man's axe had been there." Right here I must eliminate or cut out a whole lot. After a short call at the beautiful home of Lucius Hurst, who I remember, as the fat boy in knee pants and whose elegant residence joins the old Andy Harness place where I used to live when a clerk in the store of Harness and McDowell, we speeded onto the Marshall road thence south to Robinson where I once taught school in the little old school house in the north east part of town and which I think I saw still standing where I left it Old Robinson is still more of a sight to me if possible than old Hutsonville and in much larger scale. The only real old citizen whom I had the pleasure of meeting in Robinson was my esteened friend, Hon.E. Callahan who seems to be playing the role of "The Boy who Stood on the Burning Deck.". I also had the pleasure of renewing acquaintance with Charley Steele whom I used to know as a kid of a boy away back when I clerked in the of Dorothy and Mills, which stood where Mr. Steele's bank now stands, and boarded at the Barbee house acoss the street from it. Right here I must be brief and cut out a whole lot more. Here in Robinson I enjoyed a short visit and a good dinner with my nephew, W. A. Boring, my great nephew, his son, William, and my great-great-grand nephew, little Ben Boring. Returning home by way of Hutsonville we took tea with the Holmes' "on the hill" at the old Starks homestead, where we also took in Mrs. C. Cox and Joel Musgrave, all old time acquaintances, friends and schoolmates of bygone days. Crossing the ferry at sunset, we reached home at 8:30 p.m. after spending one of the most enjoyable days of my long life.

B. F. Boring    Terre Haute Indiana

Former Resident Visits
Max Holmes, son of A.A. Holmes of Sullivan, has returned home for a visit after an absence of five years, a part of which time he was in Alaska. (@1912)

Booster Article Written by a Progressive Citizen of the Village

Some people ask, is Hutsonville keeping up with other towns in the county which have had the oil boom?

We answer yes.

In building it has not, in increased population it has not, but because the Almighty seen fit to put quality in the soil around Hutsonville, causing the people to hustle for a livehood instead of putting it down in oil pools, does not signify that it is not keeping up in the race.

Hutsonville is one of the most desirably located towns in southern Illinois.

The soil is sandy with plenty of pure water beneath it and such diseases as typhoid fever and chills are seldom known in our vicinity.

Hutsonville is situated on the banks of the Wabash river, a stream with a national reputation, and one who sees or touches it's waters will ever, tho removed to the uttermost parts of the earth, sigh for "The banks of the Wabash far away."

For fishing, boating, bathing, camping or general picnic purposes Hutsonville offers more attractions than any other town along the Wabash. Many people came here "to spend a part", or all of their summer vacation and every summer day crowds visit the water front for bathing and all day outings.

The trunk line of the Big 4 railroad passes through Hutsonville making the shipping facilities unsurpassed. More hogs and cattle are shipped from the station here than are shipped from any other town on the Big 4 for fifty miles in either direction. More freight is received at this station than is received at all stations combined between here and Marshall, Illinois. Six passenger trains stop daily, thereby offering excellent facilities for travelers.

Five organized churches look after the religious and social activities of the community. A highly organized public school is in our midst and offers every boy and girl an opportunity of an education. Our township high school is second to none, having all the courses necessary to make it fully accredited by the state.

The loyal support of town and country people make it justifiable for the merchants to carry very complete stocks of goods and the business interests of the village have steadily increased and are now on a very satisfactory substantial basis. Hutsonville can boast of having the oldest merchandise store in the county, the largest hardware store and the only department store where everything from a cambric needle to an automobile can be purchased.

It has other grocery and general stores, two up to date drug stores, one exclusive clothing store, a furniture store, two millinery stores, three restaurants, one paint shop and paper store, a bakery, a feed and and poultry house, four blacksmith shops, two shoe shops, one photograph gallery, three barber shops, two garages each managed by comptetent auto experts, a large hotel, one livery stable, two jitney lines, two cream stations, two lumber yards, two grain elevators, and up to date flouring mill and two banks whose responsibilities are equal to any in the county. The Hutsonville Telephone Company, owned and managed by citizens of this community, is one of the best co-operative organized telephone systems in the state, giving to is patrons service unexcelled.

We have two medicine doctors, one dentist and one veterinary, all active men whose ability and reliability in their profession are of the highest class. The surrounding country can justly boast of community of farmers whose up to date methods in farming and stock raising is attracting admiration and envy of people all over the state. A high class chautauqua will be held in Hutsonville this summer which will offer an opportunity of listening to the world's best platform speakers, entertainer and musical artists right here at home. Last but not least, Hutsonville is proud of its home newspaper, which is newsy, clean and unpartizan, always upholding the highest standard of its town and vicinity. Its circulation "covers this community like the dew covers Dixie". All in all, you will find Hutsonville a good healthy place to live, a good place to trade, a clean moral town, where the educational, social and spiritual life is uplifting; where its citizens are united for the betterment of the town and community in which we live.

A Subscriber

Forty-four years ago yesterday was held probably the biggest rally eveer known in Hutsonville. Dan Vooheis the "sycamore of he Wabash" was billed to speak, but though he failed to arrive the people came and the older citizens say it was a record-breaking crowd. Andy Harness was to have entertained the speaker, and evidently thought he had a ravenous appetite, for he had a beef killed for the occasion. The veteran tinner, Capt. Smith and John Newlin were chief marshals and led the big parade in which was a float drawn by white horses, and carrying ladies dressed in white, one for each state, surrounding the goddess of liberty which was impersonated by Minnie Harness. (1913)?

Republican E. D. Hand received a lettter from his aunt, Mrs, Mary A. Franklin of Windsor Mo. As Mrs. Franklin was a pioneer resident of Crawford County it will not be amiss to give a few interesting facts. Mrs Franklin is nearly 92 years of age. Her former husband, Clay B. Shepard, too the contract to erect Crawford County's first couthouse and she cooked for the hands while they were so employed. She came to Crawford County in 1821 and left here about the time of the rebellion and located at Danville, where she married her present husband and they emigrated to Colorado. Her husband died and she is now making her home with her grandaughter at Windsor Mo.

Former Resident Visits
Mr and Mrs. D. B. Tarman were over from near Martinsville the latter part of the week visiting his sisters, Mrs. Dianna Cox and Miss Hulda Hilbrant.(?). Mr. Tarman is a veteran of the civil war, enlisting at Hutsonville in Co. G.. 63rd Illinois, of which Dick Stanford was captain. Following the war he located near Martinsville and has since resided there.

Union Chapel New Church
Some twelve or more persons, representatives of churches throughout this section, met Friday at the new church which has been erected north of town. N. A. Musgrave, who has built the church at his own expense, made a statement to the men saying that the building was for the use of any church organization that desired to hold services there, that it was to be a Union Church, and that any denomination is welcome to come and have preaching or conduct a series of meetings, that posibly at some future time the Union Christian people would organize a church at that place. He asked the men to take charge of affairs and the church was given a name, that of Union Chapel. Arrangements were made to hold a union meeting, beginning Sunday, Dec. 8th. Rev. W. Manuel of Kingman, Ind., an evangelist who has had much success, has been engaged to conduct the meeting and he will be assisted in the music by Miss Maude Whitner of Terre Haute. One of the conditions of the meeting is that there shall be no attempt to get people to join any church, that the converts may feel free to go to any denomination they wish. The building 30x40 feet with an extension built in the rear for the pulpit and a fourteen foot ceiling. It will be completed this week and will be seated with chairs. There will be no formal dedication, being opened with the union meeting next month, to which every one is invited.


Items of General Interest to Every One

Paints and oils at Rackerby's

Hurst Bros.' "ad" will interest you.

Mrs. Wesley Guyer is quite low with typhoid fever.

Please call and settle that old account. J. M. McNutt.

J. H. Berry, the photographer, is now ready for business.

A good rain fell last Friday, doing much good to the growing corn. We need another good rain to help along the crops and lay the dust.

Special sale on slippers; Saturday, July 28--one day only. Hurst Bros.

The Hutsonville public schools will open the first Monday in September.

Home grown tomatoes and cucumbers were marketed here this week.

Ham Holderman is selling Robinson Eclipse flour at 35 cents per sack.

Mrs. Wm. Rains is reported recovering from her seige of illness.

It is reported that another barber shop will shortly be opened in "Buck's" old room.

County Clerk James will deliver a sermon at the M. E. church on Sunday evening.

Half wool challies, worth 20 cents, on our bargin counter at 15 cents. Hurst Bros.

W. B. Hurst has purchased H. H. Flesher Buckner's old barber shop building.

But 40 cents is now being offered for wheat, the lowest price this cereal has ever reached.

Friday December 23, 1892 NEWS NOTE: Mrs. Mary Metcalfe and two granddaughters, Edith and Marie, moved to Hutsonville last week and will occupy the Southard property immediately south of the school house.

35 Years Ago
Ausby Bishop has succeeded Frank Kopta as an apprentice in The Herald office. Ausby's work so far demonstrates that he will make a good printer.

Subscription price, $1.00 per year. in advance; six months 60 cents; 30 cents

A weekly paper published every Friday Independent in politics

Entered at the postoffice at Hutsonville, Illinois as second-class matter Nov 21, 1891.

Advertising rates made known on application.

Office, one door north of postoffice, over Bishop's store.

I've stopped the paper, yes I have;
I didn't like to do it
But the editor got too smart
And I allow he'll rue it

I am the man who pays his debts
And will not be insulted
So when an editor get smart
I want to be consulted.I took his paper 'leven years
And helped him all I could, sir;
As' when it comes to dunnin' me
I didn't think he would, sir.

But that he did and you can see
It made me hot as thunder
Says I. I'll stop the sheet, I will
If the cussed thing goes under

I hunted up the measley whelp
And for his cunnin caper,
I paid him "leven years and quit
Yes, sir I've stopped the paper.

In a letter of remittance A. Gleason Bishop of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, writes: How do you expect a man who was born and raised in Hutsonville to do without the Herald, especially one who had once been a devil in that office? " We have to have it, that's all."

Essay Read at a Teacher's Meeting Feb. 15, 1896

After spending some time in trying to select a subject for an essay and wishing to have something out of the ordinary line of such productions, I at last decided to write a brief sketch on the early history of Hutsonville Township and Village, hoping that it will interest at least some of the listeners. Whether it deserves the name "essay" or not will be left to your consideration.

It is an undisputed fact that this Township as well as other parts of America was inhabited by the Mound Builders long before the Indians made our country their home, but we shall go back and take a view of Hutsonville Township as it appeared over a century ago. We see a wild region covered with the mighty forests through which the savages roamed in undisturbed possession. Wild beasts of almost every description are seen in abundance, what a contrast when compared the the present appearance. But in a short time the white settlers pushed westward and the savages were driven back toward the great unknown west. At the time of the early settlement of this region there were still many Indians here but they were generally friendly toward the whites, except for a short period during the war of 1812. The first white settlers were the Hutson family. The father was Isaac Hutson, a native of Ohio, who came here in the latter part of the winter of 1812 and settled about one mile below what is now Hutsonville.

The war of 1812 was not yet over and the Indians were yet hostile but Hutson was a brave man and did not fear them. A man by the name of Dixon settled near by Hutson's cabin. One day in April, Hutson went to the mill which was at Palestine and did not get started home 'til night. When about half way to his cabin he noticed an unusual light in the direction of it. Fearing something was wrong he urged his horse forward at full speed and upon nearing his cabin his worst fears were realized. A prowling band of Indians had murdered his entire family, consisting of a wife and six children. The youngest of which was about sixteen. To complete the work of ruin they had set fire to his cabin. Almost frantic with grief and despair, he rode around the ruins, wildly calling the names of his family. A few rods from the burning building lay the body of Dixon mutilated almost beyond recognition. His breast had been cut open and his heart torn out and placed upon a pole, which was planted in the ground nearby. Hutson left the scene vowing vengeance. He joined the army at Fort Harrison and was afterward killed in a fight with the savages. This is saddast story in the history of Crawford county. The name of Hutson is preserved in the town of Hutsonville and of Hutson creek which flows nearby where he erected his lonely cabin.

The next settler John Eaton, who settled in the southwest part of the township in the year 1813. Following him came the Barlows, Hills and a number of Newlins. John Newlin, the father of his tribe, came here in 1818. Another important early settler was Nathan Musgrave who came in 1826. Later on came the Lowes, Chalkey Draper, and the Guyer family. This is a very brief sketch of the principal families among the early settlers.There were many of them and they, like other pioneers lived a hard life. Panthers, wild cats, and wolves were numerous at that time, and were considerably feared. The wolves, while not very troublesome to persons were a source of constant annoyance to farmers because of their danger to what little stock there was. Bears were somtimes found but were not numerous. There many deer, indeed they were so numerous that fifty or seventy-five could be counted in a single herd, and it was years before a deer with the hide on would bring fifty cents. The earliest settlers were, as would be expected farmers. The first crop of corn was often planted in gashes made in the ted by an ax. The first plow used was what is known as the "Cary" plow. It had a mold board which was part iron and part wood. They were succeeded by the "Diamond" plows which were more improved.

The oldest church organization in the township is the Quaker church. It is so old that the date of its organization can not be learned but it was at least sixty years ago. Hutsonville Baptist Church was organized Feb. 21, 1856 with a member ship of 8, three men and five women. The Universalist Church was organized April 5, 1820. When it was decided to erect buildings, both churches were built out of town. Now we come to the more important part of the history. Viz, the history of the village, Hutsonville, which was laid out as a village in April 1832 by Robert Harrison. The most of the business houses were built down near the river bank as this was the old state road from Vincennes to Chicago. A tavern was built on this street by Andrew Harris. This site is now marked by a sink in the ground (the old tavern cellar) with a few bushes growing out of it. The first residence was built in the fall of 1832 by Wm. Cox. It fell down from old age about 15 years ago. The second residence was built by W.R. Hurst the same year. It is still standing and is known as the "Gascon Adams House". The merchantile business took an early start here. Wm. Cox and W. R. Hurst were the first merchants. They opened up a store in August, 1832. It would require, a volume to give the history of all the early merchants as they all sold on credit. The cheap cash store, not having been invented, and after the firm had been run a few years they would be forced to close out and gather up their scattered capital. The most money made in the town was by Preston Bros. who did an extensive business. Other early merchants were Caswell Jones, Henry A. Steel, A. P. Harness, John A. Merrick and Nathan Musgrave. Many men have embarked in business in Hutsonville, some have enjoyed prosperity and success, while others failed; but, when we consider it, this, we find, is a universal law, as good in life as in the busy channels of business. Some fail to make their life a success, while others succeed. Pork packing has been an extensive and profitable business in our town. Cox and Hurst began the business in 1835. Other firms who were in the business are Carson and Co., H. A. Steel and John A. Merrick. The Prestons also did the largest business in pork packing. They built a house down on the river bank which has been torn down. The house where they boarded their hands still stands. It will be news to many to learn that Hutsonville once possessed a Distillery. It was built by Merrick and Volk down this side of where the Brick and Tile Co's factory now stands. They broke up in the business and after breaking up everyone one up that took hold of it, this Distillery itself broke up which is acknowledged to be the best break of all.

Religion took an early start as business. The first sermon ever preached in Hutsonville was on Sunday before Christmas 1832 by Rev. James McCord, a Methodist preacher. An M.E. Church was organized in the year 1840. They built the present brick church about 1853. The Christian Church was organized soon afterward but an edifice was not erected until the year 1860. This building has been torn down and the present one erected about six or seven years ago.

The first school in Hutsonville was taught by a man named Broom in a --- house built for school purposes. It was erected on the lot where Ambrose Woolverton now lives. The date of its erection can not be learned as it was so long ago. The next school built was in 1855. It was a two story frame house and is apart of the present one. The addition was built in the fall of 1883.

The earliest lodge organized was No.136 A.T. and A. N. It is also the first lodge of its kind organized in the county, being organized Oct.5,1853 by Grand Master and Grand Sic.

As newspapers are important factors in the civilization of a country, they too, must be given some attention. The first newspaper in the county was started in Hutsonville in 1852 by George W. Cutler. Its name was the "Wabash Sentinal". Mr. Cutler sold out to E. Callahan, then a young school teacher of our village. He changed its name to "The Journal" and after a little over a year sold out to a Marchall man. The "Crawford Banner" was the next newspaper. It was started in July 1857, by W. H. Rubottom. It suspended publication in about a year. The "Hutsonville News' was started 1914 (?) by W.M.P. Springer who came here from Palestine. He only published his paper about six months.

Although the two great elements, fire and water have been a source of constant loss to Hutsonville. It has made good progress and we can not help notice the striking contrast between Hutsonville in the year 1832 when it contained only a few buildings and Hutsonville in the year 1896. We now see a pleasant town with abut 28 business houses, two factories and a total population of about 800 or 900. Almost all of the old settlers have gone to their last account. Those that are left are going down the hill of time very fast, their mission ended and their race almost run.

Local Party Took Trip Through Brown County Indiana Last Sunday

Indian Summer is always a welcome visitor and will be greeted with pleasure as long as it may choose to remain. A few days ago, the writer had the pleasure of spending a day amid scenery, perhaps as beautiful as any to be found in the Mississippi Valley. In the morning, with a party we crossed the ferry and took our way eastward toward Brown County, Ind. When we began to draw near the hills of that historic county we were amazed at the great traffic we found on the way. In fact the traffic was so heavy at places that we were compelled to stop until patrol officers untangled the traffic and let us pass through. In the heart of the country we were stopped by traffic officers who were taking census of machines and people who visited or passed through Brown County on that day. On asking if there were any special causes for a congestion of the day's traffic, we were told that on the third Sunday of October all roads led to Brown County, and we had no trouble in beliving it. When traffic was the heaviest we were made to think of the words found in the Bible-------- 2:4, "The chariots shall rage in the streets, they shall jostle one against another on the broad high-way they shall seem like torches, they shall run like lightnings." And again on our return we were made to think of the above scripture for from the time we passed onto the pavement eleven miles north of Bloomington untill we reached that city we passed 425 cars with glaring headlights, like unto torches and they were not running slowly. It would be impossible to give a word picture which would do justice to the beauty of the hills of Brown Co.on that day. We can only say that they appeared as towering banks of leaves, piled in assorted colors, gold, yellow, purple, and green. When nature threw up the hills of that County it seems that she but intended them to be a background for her most beautiful paintings. Perhaps the most beautiful spot we found was the location of a little red school house, back from the highway; here we ate our lunch. On either side of the school house the golden, yellow hills lifted themselves to great height. The school house in every respect was typical of one 40 or 50 years ago. We could discern that the house had once been patched with boards which were entirely unpainted. The interior of the school house was in keeping with the outward appearence. Double seats, a plain desk in front and a blackboard made up the furishing of the room. This little school building nestling in the hills took the writer back to his boyhood days and once more he sat in the old school house and saw the carvrings on the old desk and his old time teachers paraded before him some very dear,some other wise. In fact that little red house made the writer to be a boy again and sigh for the good old times. Before leaving that scene the writer doffed his hat and stood in respect before that little rsd school house for out of such have come the men and women who have made this nation great. After lunch our party passed on to Columbus then through the fertile fields of Johnson Co., until we reached Franklin, the seat of that historic institution of learning, Franklin College. As four of our party had been students of that institution, the stop there was most pleasant. Again we lived over our college days with their labors, attainments, disapointments and loves. Leaving Franklin our party made its way home glad to go back to Hutsonville, tired but voting the day to have been a most wonderful one.

Marsh Beckam is probably oldest continuous resident in Hutsonville. He came here from Kentucky over sixty years ago and there is no better informed man on the early history of this place. There were some interesting characters living here when Marsh was a young man, among them being Dave Taylor, of whom Marsh says "he just couldn't be killed." Dave lived across the river near the sand hill, and he was a terror to the "bullies" of this community. He had things his own way in day time, but at night the boys would attack him with rocks and then run. One evening he was pelted with bricks and was thought to be dead but the next morning he sought his assailants and made a "cleaning." At another time he was digging a well near the home of Mr. and Mrs. Higgins, and at a depth of thirty feet the well caved in on him. One of the helpers threw a barrel into the well, which Dave pulled over his head and he was completly covered with earth. He remained buried for several hours and when rescued seemed no worse from the occurrance. Dave's reputation as a fighter was known far and wide, and he received a challenge for a combat from a man named Waldrop living near Robinson. The scene of the encounter was to be near the old levee at the south end of main street, and on the day set all the business houses closed and a large crowd gathered. The fighters appeared, chose their seconds and the prospects of a lively battle were flattering, when Dave fell upon his knees and began clawing the earth with his hands not unlike a maddened bull. This evidently had the desired effect, for after witnessing the sight a moment, Waldrop ran to a wagon and was taken home by his friends, and it was many months before he returned. Dave Taylor never allowed any man to "bluff" him; he would get out of bed to fight and although he was a terror he had many friends some of whom are living and cherish his memory. In his older days he removed to Arkansas where he died.

Old Landmark Gone
Elias Holmes recently cut a cedar tree at his home that for many years has been regarded as a landmark. It was the tallest tree on the hill and could be seen for many miles both east and west. The tree was set out by Ben Boring for Uncle James Stark in the fifties, and it grew to be more prominent than the surrounding native trees. From Merom it was as easily discernable as the lone tree on Mt. Ephriam.


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